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APUSH Mr. Buttell. Voting Requirements in the Early 19c.

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Presentation on theme: "APUSH Mr. Buttell. Voting Requirements in the Early 19c."— Presentation transcript:

1 APUSH Mr. Buttell

2

3 Voting Requirements in the Early 19c

4 Voter Turnout:

5 Why Increased Democratization? 3 White male suffrage increased 3 Party nominating committees. 3 Voters chose their state’s slate of Presidential electors. 3 Spoils system. 3 Rise of Third Parties. 3 Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats, etc.) 3 Two-party system returned in the 1832 election:  Dem-Reps  Natl. Reps.(1828)  Whigs (1832)  Republicans (1854)  Democrats (1828)

6 Essential Question: Champion of the “Common Man”? “King” Andrew? OR

7 Jackson’s Opponents in 1824 Henry Clay [KY] John Quincy Adams [MA] John C. Calhoun [SC] William H. Crawford [GA]

8 The Election of 1824: The “Corrupt Bargain”

9 CandidatePopular Vote Electoral Vote Andrew Jackson43%99 J.Q. Adams31%32 William Crawford 13%41 Henry Clay13%37

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11 Jackson in Mourning for His Wife

12 “Tariff of Abominations”

13 1828 Election Results

14 The New “Jackson Coalition” 3 The Planter Elite in the South 3 People on the Frontier 3 State Politicians – spoils system 3 Immigrants in the cities.

15 The Reign of “King Mob”

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17 South Carolina legislature denounces Tariff of They declare it null and void. Compact Theory again?? Jackson favored states’ rights—but not disunion

18 Webster-Hayne Debate, 1830 Sen. Daniel Webster [MA] Sen. Robert Hayne [SC]

19 Webster: Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable. Jackson: Our Federal Union—it must be preserved. Calhoun: The Union, next to our liberties,most dear.

20 1832 Tariff Conflict > “Tariff of Abomination” > new tariff 3 South Carolina’s reaction? 3 South Carolina Exposition-forbid the collection of tariffs. (written by Calhoun) 3 Jackson’s response? 3 Force Bill passed, Jackson ready to attack South Carolina. 3 Clay’s “Compromise” Tariff of 1833? 3 South Carolina felt vindicated and rescinded nullification

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22 Indian Removal 3 Jackson’s Goal?  Indian Removal Act 3 Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831) * “domestic dependent nation” 3 Worcester v. GA (1832) 3 Jackson: John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it!

23 The Cherokee Nation After 1820

24 Indian Removal

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26 The National Bank Debate Nicholas Biddle President Jackson

27 The “Monster” Is Destroyed! 3 “pet banks”?  Jackson vetoed the extension of the 2 nd National Bank of the United States  the charter expired  the bank went bankrupt!

28 An 1832 Cartoon: “King Andrew”? An 1832 Cartoon: “King Andrew”?

29 1832 Election Results Main Issue?

30 Results of the Specie Circular $Banknotes loose their value. $Land sales plummeted. $Credit not available. $Businesses began to fail. $Unemployment rose. The Panic of 1837! The Panic of 1837!

31 The Panic of 1837 Spreads Quickly!

32 The 1836 Election Results Martin Van Buren “Old Kinderhook” [O. K.]

33 Van Buren Taking the Blame for His Own and Jackson's Monetary Policies


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