2 Power of Icons Provide structure and support for taking a deeper and more complex look at any topic Quick Easy Application to any MaterialFor Visual learners--A picture is worth a thousand wordsProvide scaffolding to do higher level thinking for second language students and students with learning disabilitiesDevelop “Habits of Mind” that become ingrainedAdvanced learners are asked to reach into the upper ranges of their ZPDIncrease student enthusiasm and motivation
3 Concrete Entry Points Brainstorm Common Everyday Icons Use the Detail Icon as way for students to talk about themselves (Seen and Unseen Details)Read a story like the Butter Battle Book byDr. Seuss to introduce several iconsUse Multiple Perspectives for conflict resolutionUse the Rules icon for class rules on first dayUse the Big Idea for writing a paragraph
4 Dive Into Depth and Complexity An essential part of differentiating the curriculum through depth and complexity is using the icons, and ensuring that students are familiar with them.
5 Post a set of the icons clearly in your room This prompts integration into discussions, and shows students you value the icons as intellectual tools.
6 Use the Icons Within Your Lessons “Look for (appropriate icon) in our lesson today on (content area).”Use the Big Idea to summarize or end lessons.Label your daily agenda and lesson plans with the icons.Have students label all work with the appropriate icons.Label all classroom work and charts with the icons.
7 Frame Stories or Concepts With the Icons Frame the Teacher: Introduce four icons by making a frame around the topic of the teacher-you!Frame Yourself: Each student completes a similar frameFrame stories or concepts with the icons
8 But remember,we are not teaching the icons, we are teaching concepts to new levels of depth and complexity using pictures to stand for the thinking strategies.
9 DepthRefers to approaching or studying something from the concrete to the abstract, from the known to the unknown.Requires students to examine topics by determining the facts, concepts, generalization, principles and theories related to them.
10 DepthNecessitates uncovering more details and new knowledge related to a topic of study.Encourages students to adopt perspectives and to see patterns in connections.
11 Depth has the following major dimensions: Language of the Disciplines: Specialized vocabulary, names of skills or tasks, tools usedDetails: Attributes, parts, factors, variablesPatterns: Repetition, predictabilityTrends: Influence, forces, directionRules: Structure, order, hierarchy, explanationEthics: Points of View, Different Opinions, judgingBig Idea: Generalization, principle, theoryUnanswered Questions:Discrepancies, missing parts, unclear ideas, incomplete ideas
12 ComplexityIncludes making relationships, connecting other concepts, and layering.Why/how approach that connects and bridges to other disciplines to enhance the meaning of a unit of study.
13 Complexity encourages students to Relate concepts and ideas at a more sophisticated levelSee associations among diverse subjects, topics or levelsFind multiple solutions from multiple points of view
14 Complexity has three major dimensions: Relationships Over Time: Between the past, present and future, and within a time periodRelationships From Different Points of View: Multiple Perspectives, opposing viewpoints, differing roles and knowledgeInterdisciplinary Relationships:With, between and across the disciplines
15 Keys to Activate Deeper Learning Use verbs associated with the nouns (icons) of Depth and Complexity Language of the Discipline: categorize, identifyDetails: describe, differentiatePatterns: summarize, make analogiesTrends: prioritize, predictRules: judge credibility, hypothesizeEthics: judge with criteria, determine biasBig Idea: prove with evidence, identify main ideaUnanswered Questions: note ambiguity, distinguish fact from fictionEach level of questions uses verbs to describe the objectives desired.
16 Keys to Activate Complex Learning Different Points of View: argue, determine bias, classifyRelationships Over Time: relate, sequence, orderRelationships Across Discipline: compare and contrast, show relationship
17 There will be times when… Dear Students,There will be times when…We all do the same thing.Some do different things.We all work together.You work alone.You choose for yourself.I choose for you.