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THINKING TOOLS: Differentiating the Content Based on training by: S. Kaplan, USC, 2008 Nanci Cole, Michelle Wikle, and Sacha Bennett - TOSAs Sandi Ishii,

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Presentation on theme: "THINKING TOOLS: Differentiating the Content Based on training by: S. Kaplan, USC, 2008 Nanci Cole, Michelle Wikle, and Sacha Bennett - TOSAs Sandi Ishii,"— Presentation transcript:

1 THINKING TOOLS: Differentiating the Content Based on training by: S. Kaplan, USC, 2008 Nanci Cole, Michelle Wikle, and Sacha Bennett - TOSAs Sandi Ishii, Supervisor of Gifted Education

2 What is Academic Rigor? Rigor is the goal of helping students develop the capacity to understand content that is complex, ambiguous, provocative, and personally or emotionally challenging. Taking rigorous courses open the doors! Source: Teaching What Matters Most; Standards and Strategies for Raising Student Achievement by Strong, Silver, and Perini, ASCD, 2001

3 Objectives: Provide an introduction to the academic language thinking tools of Depth & Complexity and Content Imperatives. Provide time to understand and practice application of Tools to your content in order to increase the level of inquiry in the classroom.

4 Agenda Welcome/Overview Introduction- Theory Introduction to Depth & Complexity and Content Imperatives Differentiated Rotations Quick share/Reflection/Closing

5 Depth and Complexity Thinking Tools Recognizes individual diversity among learners Teaches toward highest level of knowing Builds expertise

6 Depth and Complexity Thinking Tools Strengthens critical thinking skills Makes something abstract more concrete Allows students to “jump” into the content and make sense of it Builds in inquiry and academic language

7 How do you know if someone is an expert? NoviceExpert How much do cell phones cost? Conversations More sophisticated understanding What are some new trends in cell phones?

8 Single Thinking Tools One at a time Depth To dig deeper Complexity Greater breadth of understanding The thinking tool is like a magnifying glass. It gives greater dimension to what is studied.

9 Single Thinking Tool To understand RULES, you can study the patterns, details, and ethics Rules Patterns Details Part to whole thinking Ethics

10 THINKING PAIRS Two thinking tools together joined with the word “AND” What are the details AND trends of the Revolutionary War? 2 Thinking Tools = equation of knowing Changes the intellectual demand The intellectual work is rigorous

11 How do we know if students know it? A good answer must include: Define what they are talking about Give another example Cite or reference what stimulated their ideas (evidence)

12 Allow individuals to move on Students get tired of learning the same way using the same thinking. It is like staying on the same land without moving or cultivating it. Develop intellectualism Not just to get the right answers Nurture beyond where they currently are

13 Research says… (GRR) Teacher directed To… Student Centered To… Independent Thinkers

14 At some point during the lesson… Teacher dominate “Ladies and gentlemen, today we are going to look for…”  Student dominate “Ladies and gentlemen, what and how are you going to look for…?”

15 Creating Independent Thinkers You can do this by using these strategies: 1. Create inquiry to get the information 2. Create a task defining what to do 3. Do Independent Research

16 Allow students to be independent thinkers of the task by increasing responsibility Here are the details in the Revolutionary War I want you to find the details in the Revolutionary War. Investigate and research the significant details in the Revolutionary War.

17 Moral Imperative Educators need to go beyond their own level of thinking. Educators need to transcend their own thinking because they need to open the doors into a student’s mind. It maybe the key to their success.

18 Students need to know: The flexibility of the language of depth and complexity Patterns This is a prerequisite to go further into the scope and sequence of the thinking tools. Cyclical Predictive Sequence Repetitive

19 Do you know the icons? Draw the appropriate icon next to the definition on the chart. Compare your answers with your neighbor. Start brainstorming ways you can bring depth and complexity into your classroom instruction and discussion.

20 Details Elements Factors Facts Features Specifics Traits

21 Unanswered Questions Dilemma Doubtful Unclear Unknown Unproved Unsolved

22 Language of the Discipline Jargon Terms Terminology Lingo Phrasing Lexicon

23 Patterns Cyclical Predictive Systematic Repetitive Sequential Structural

24 Big Idea Global Idea Principle Tenet Theme Theory Thesis

25 Multiple Perspectives Careers Experts Fields Points of View Roles Disciplines

26 Ethics Conflicts Dilemmas Positions Principles Standards Values

27 Trends Direction Force Influence Mode Style Tendency

28 Rules Code Method Order Protocol Structure Theorem

29 Across the Disciplines Associate Connect Correlate Integrate Intersect Link

30 Change Over Time Compare past & present Note change across time Study past, present, future

31 Contribution The affect or impact one person or event has on others.

32 Origin The beginning, root, foundation, source, or basis for something.

33 Parallel How something is similar, matching, comparable, or analogous.

34 Paradox Things that are opposite, contradictory, ironic or illogical.

35 Convergence How ideas or events meet, intersect, concur, merge, join or unite.

36 How can I integrate the thinking tools into Cornell notes? Teacher generates questions and student matches appropriate thinking tool and answer. Teacher chooses thinking tool and student generates question and answer. Student generates question, identifies thinking tool, and answers question.

37 Other ideas for Cornells & Thinking Tools… Use TE to help write high level questions. Create iconic statements (combination of thinking tools). Differentiate Cornells to fit the needs of your students. Write summary/reflection prompts using thinking tools. Combine Costa’s (and/or the Keys) with thinking tools. Connect Thinking Tools to Thinking Maps. Layer Thinking Tools with Classics, Think Like a Disciplinarian, Current Events, Technology, and Metacognition.

38 Reflection Why would this be important to you? Why would this be important to a school? Why would this be important to the world?

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