Presentation on theme: "Differentiated Instruction using Dimensions of Depth"— Presentation transcript:
1Differentiated Instruction using Dimensions of Depth Dr. Sandra Kaplan's Model for DifferentiationPresented by Kirsten Kershaw O’Leary
2Dimensions of Depth The Study of Disciplines Ethics Details The Big IdeaPatternsChange Over TimeTrendsDifferent PerspectivesUnanswered QuestionsRelationshipsRules
3The Three Components Key questions Thinking skills Resources can be used in the context of lesson plans to probe understanding and to prompt students during discussions.Thinking skillscan be used to initiate the type of cognitive operation or thinking that could best prompt each of the dimensions of DEPTH or COMPLEXITY.Resourceslisted are the most logical references in which to locate the type of information required by each of the dimensions of DEPTH or COMPLEXITY.
4The Study of Disciplines Key QuestionsWhat terms or words are specific to the work of the ________________?What tools does the ___________ use?Thinking SkillsCategorizeIdentifyResourcesTextsBiographiesThree Little Pigs:A contractor would use words like mortar to build the house made from bricks.What other words would help understand this story?
5Details Key Questions Thinking Skills Resources Three Little Pigs: What are its attributes?What features characterize this?What specific elements define this?What distinguishes this from other things?Thinking SkillsIdentify traitsDescribeDifferentiateCompare/contrastProve with evidenceObserveResourcesTextsBiographiesThree Little Pigs:How are the three pigs different? The same?How would you compare yourself to each of the three little pigs?
6Patterns Key Questions Thinking Skills Resources Three Little Pigs: What are the reoccurring events?What elements, events, ideas, are repeatedover time?What was the order of events?How can we predict what will come next?Thinking SkillsDetermine relevant vs. irrelevantSummarizeMake analogiesDiscriminate between same and differentRelateResourcesTime linesOther chronological listsThree Little Pigs:What did the three pigs learn from these events?How would you have handled this situation differently?
7Trends Key Questions Thinking Skills Resources Three Little Pigs: What ongoing factors have influenced thisstudy?What factors have contributed to this study?Thinking SkillsPrioritizeDetermine cause and effectPredictRelateFormulate questionsHypothesizeResourcesJournalsNewspapersGraphsChartsThree Little Pigs:What influences could have changed the behavior of the three pigs?Predict what would happen if the pigs had not killed the wolf.
8Unanswered Questions Key Questions Thinking Skills Resources What ongoing factors have influenced thisstudy?What factors have contributed to this study?Thinking SkillsPrioritizeDetermine cause and effectPredictRelateFormulate questionsHypothesizeResourcesJournalsNewspapersGraphsChartsThree Little Pigs:Which pig was the older of the three? Were any of them girls?If there were four pigs, what would the fourth house be built of?
9Rules Key Questions Resources Thinking Skills Three Little Pigs: How is this structured?What are the stated and unstated causesrelated to the description or explanation ofwhat we are studying?Thinking SkillsGeneralizeHypothesizeJudge credibilityResourcesEditorialsEssaysLawsTheoriesThree Little Pigs:How is this story similar to other children’s tales?What is the moral of this story?
10Ethics Key Questions Resources Thinking Skills Three Little Pigs: What dilemmas or controversies are involved in this area or topic?What elements can be identified that reflect bias, prejudice, and discrimination?Thinking SkillsProve with evidenceGeneralizeIdentify the main ideaResourcesEditorialsEssaysAutobiographiesJournalsThree Little Pigs:Who was right, the wolf or the pigs?Is this story still relevant today?
11The Big Idea Key Questions Thinking Skills Resources What overarching statement best describeswhat is being studied?What general statement includes what isbeing studied?Thinking SkillsProve with evidenceGeneralizeIdentify the main ideaResourcesQuotationsDiscipline-related essaysThree Little Pigs:Can you explain this story in one concise sentence?
12Change Over Time Resources Key Questions Thinking Skills How are the ideas related between the past,present, future?How are these ideas related within or duringa particular time period?How has time affected the information?How and why do things change or remainthe same?Thinking SkillsRelateSequenceOrderResourcesTime linesText BiographiesAutobiographiesHistorical documentsThree Little Pigs:Do you think the pigs learned anything from this experience?What do you think they would do if another wolf came along?
13Different Perspectives Key QuestionsWhat are the opposing viewpoints?How do different people and characters seethis event or situation?Thinking SkillsArgueDetermine biasClassifyResourcesBiographiesAutobiographiesMythologiesLegends vs. Non-fiction AccountsDebatesThree Little Pigs:How would the story be different if told from the wolf’s perspective?
14Relationships Key Questions Thinking Skills Resources What are common elements among topics from the different disciplines?How does this idea/topic/concept relate to other disciplines?How do topics/ideas from across the disciplines contribute meaning to this idea?Thinking SkillsRelateCompare/contrastDifferentiateSynthesizeEvaluateResourcesOriginal and secondary sourcesInternet searchesTextbooksEncyclopediasThree Little Pigs:Re-write the story, but instead of pigs, write about three middleschool students.
15Bibliography Standards Facilitating the Understanding of DEPTH and COMPLEXITY. Texas Performance Standards Project, 10 May 2008What is Differentiated Instruction? Visalia GATE PAC, 10 May 2008StandardsGATE 1:3 The program is planned and organized to provide articulated learning experiences across subjects and grade levels.