Presentation on theme: "1.That is the woman. She bought my laptop. -> That is the woman who bought my laptop. 2.We know many people. They live in London. -> We know many people."— Presentation transcript:
1.That is the woman. She bought my laptop. -> That is the woman who bought my laptop. 2.We know many people. They live in London. -> We know many people who live in London. S S
A clause is a part of a sentence. A relative clause gives extra information about a noun in the main clause. Ex: That is the woman w ho bought my laptop. Relative clause WHO is used in relative clause to talk about people.
The man – he lives next door - is friendly. The man who lives next door is friendly. ->Who is used instead of he We know many people – they live in London. We know many people who live in London. -> Who is used instead of they
EX: I don’t like stories. T hey have unhappy endings. S ->I don’t like stories w hich have unhappy endings. Lan works for a company. I t makes typewrites. ->Lan works for a company w hich makes typewrites. S
Where are the eggs?– they were in the fridge? Where are the eggs which were in the fridge? WHICH is used to talk about things
NOTES: Who and which can be replaced by that. Ex: The man that lives next door is friendly. (that = who) I don’t like the stories that have unhappy ending. (that = which)
CONCLUSION: WHO WHICH THAT Subject in the relative clause BUT: Who refers to people Which refers to things That refers to people and things
1.The man – I wanted to see him – was away on holiday. ->The man who (that) I wanted to see was away on holiday. 2.Have you found the keys? – You lost them ->Have you found the keys which (that) you lost. If who,which or that are objects of the verb in the relative clause, we can leave it out. O O
Ex: Is there anything(which) I can do? The dress (which)Linh bought doesn’t fit her very well. The girl (who) Phong is going to marry is Lan. That’s the car (which) I used to own.
We saw some people. Their car had broken down. = We saw some people whose car had broken down. A widow is a woman. Her husband is dead. = A widow is a woman whose husband is dead. Whose + noun = adjective possessive + noun Adj.poss. n Adj.possn
We use whose in relative clauses instead of his/her/their Whose = of whom Whose usually refers to people. Ex: This is Son.His sister is staying with us. ->This is Son whose sister is staying with us.
The hotel – we stayed t here – wasn’t very clean. = The hotel w here we stayed wasn’t very clean. NOTES: Where in the relative clause is used to talk about places.
Ex: I went back to the town. I was born there. -> I went back to the town where I was born. I would like to live in a country. There is plenty of sunshine there. -> I would like to live in a country where there is plenty of sunshine.