Presentation on theme: "OBJECTIVES 1.Relative clauses 2.Listening practice 3.Oral presentation a news report (sport, environment, education etc.) two minutes speaking about one."— Presentation transcript:
OBJECTIVES 1.Relative clauses 2.Listening practice 3.Oral presentation a news report (sport, environment, education etc.) two minutes speaking about one topic. ( December the 6 th ) 1 picture in PowerPoint.
>> It would be easier with a relative clause: you put both pieces of information into one sentence. Start with the most important thing Do you know the girl who is talking to Tom ?
1. Subject and Object Relative clauses give extra information about a noun in the main clause. They can refer to this as subject or object. “That’s the woman who bought my car” “That’s the flat that I was looking for” 2. Combining sentences Note how sentences are combined. Subject : “This is Sofia. She bought my car” “ Sofia is the person who bought my car” Object : “That is the flat. I was looking for it” “ That is the flat that I was looking for” RELATIVE CLAUSES
1. Defining Clauses Defining clauses tell us which person or thing, or which kind of person or thing, is meant. “ Paris is the city that I’ve always wanted to visit” 2. Non-Defining Clauses Non-defining clauses add extra information, separated by commas in writing, and intonation in speaking. “ Tom’s mother, who is 78, goes swimming every day”
Relative pronouns WHO WHICH WHOSE THAT WHO WHICH WHOSE THAT
WHO For people I told you about the woman who lives next door.
WHICH For animals and things Example: Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof?
WHOSE possession (Replaces his, her, its … possessive adjectives) for people animals and things Example: Do you know the girl + her mother is a nurse Do you know the girl whose mother is a nurse?
THAT For people, animals and things in defining relative clause Example: I don’t like the table that stands in the kitchen.