Presentation on theme: "English: Wednesday, November 7, 2012 1.Handouts: * Grammar 18 (Helping Verbs) 2.Homework: * Grammar 18 (Helping Verbs) [If you don’t finish in class, it."— Presentation transcript:
English: Wednesday, November 7, 2012 1.Handouts: * Grammar 18 (Helping Verbs) 2.Homework: * Grammar 18 (Helping Verbs) [If you don’t finish in class, it is homework.] 3. Assignments due: * Grammar 15 (Linking Verbs and Predicate Words)
Lesson Goal: Learn about helping verbs. Outcomes: Be able to... 1.Define the term “helping verbs.” 2.Explain the purpose of a helping verb. 3.Identify helping verbs in sentences. 4.Distinguish between main verbs and helping verbs. 5.Identify both main verbs and helping verbs within sentences.
Starter #1 Please take out the handout you received yesterday. Take out your comp book. Turn to the first blank page. In the upper right hand corner, write the following: Wed., Nov. 7, 2012 QW #25: When I’m Alone What do you like to do when you are alone? Describe one or more of your favorite things to do when you are by yourself. Remember to write in complete sentences, avoiding fragments and run-ons. If you are not sure how to spell a certain word, just sound it out and circle it.
Starter #2 Yesterday we learned about about verbs that do NOT show action. Instead, their purpose is simply to serve as links. What does the word “link” mean? To connect A “linking verb” connects the subject of the sentence with either a noun or an adjective in the predicate. (Remember—sentences can have more than one noun. The first noun is usually the one that’s the subject of the sentence.) We looked at this example: An avocado is a fruit. What’s the linking verb? is What does it connect? It connects the subject avocado with fruit. In the above sentence, fruit is a “predicate noun.” It tells what the subject (avocado) is.
Starter #2 continued We also learned that some sentences have a “predicate adjective,” an adjective (it modifies a noun) that follows the linking verb and tells what the subject is like. For example: This avocado is ripe. Ripe is a predicate adjective. It tells what the subject (avocado) is like (or what kind it is).
Starter #3 Are there any other verbs besides “is” that are connectors or “linking verbs”? Here are the common linking verbs: appear become grow seem am, is, are, was, were feel look taste You need to know that SOME of the above verbs also serve another purpose. Check out the words below and see if you can you tell me what other purpose they serve: am, is are, was, were These are called “helping verbs.” Why? In sentences, they sometimes help the main verb express action or make a statement.
Starter #4 These helping verbs [also known as “be verbs”] work like this: SingularPlural I am memorizing my lines.We are memorizing our lines.You are memorizing your lines. She is memorizing her lines.They are memorizing their lines. In what “person” is each of those three sentences written? First person, singular and plural Second person, singular and plural Third person, singular and plural Singular Plural I was memorizing my lines. We were memorizing our lines. You were memorizing your lines. He was memorizing his lines They were memorizing their lines. Note that all of the verbs above are also referred to as “be” verbs.
Starter #4 continued Forms of the helping verb have work like this: SingularPlural I have visited Florida.We have visited Florida.You have visited Florida. He has visited Florida.They have visited Florida. I had visited Florida.We had visited Florida.You had visited Florida. She had visited Florida.They had visited Florida. Let’s test your skill with Grammar Lesson #18....