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The Sentence & Its Parts

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1 The Sentence & Its Parts

2 Agenda: August 16 Good Things *Collect Past-Present-Future Essay
Pass out Spiral Notebooks: Keep In Class! Journal: Capturing Kids Hearts Question 1 Review of Sentences/Parts of Speech: Language Network pg 5 Diagnostic Test Cornell Notes/Practice about Sentences & Parts of Speech Home Learning: Take Home “Past Present Future” plate: Due Wednesday

3 Spiral Notebook Instructions
Write your First and Last Name in the Top Left-Hand Corner of the Cover Write Klager & Class Period (A-Day) below your name. On the First inside Page Write “Table of Contents” neatly across the Center Top. Beginning with this page, Number the bottom right of each page (only the front side) with ODD numbers (1,3,5,7,9,11,13, etc.) through the end of the notebook.

4 Journal Question 1: 8/16/2010 Copy and Answer the following question in paragraph form on page 5 of your notebook. (Your answer should be two or three sentences). Question: In this classroom, how do you want to be treated by the teacher?

5 The Sentence and Its Parts
Language Network Page 5

6 Instructions Turn to Page 5 of the Language Network Book.
Turn to page 7 of your Spiral Notebook. Across the center top write “The Sentence And Its Parts) Number 1-10 on the page. Read the paragraph to yourself, and answer the ten questions that follow. You have 10 minutes.

7 Answers to the Diagnostic: How did you do?

8 Cornell Notes: Sentences
Complete Sentence A Group of words that contains a subject and a verb, and also expresses a complete thought. A Sentence can be used to make a statement, ask a question, give a command, or express strong feelings.

9 Types of Sentences Declarative Interrogative Imperative Exclamatory
Makes a statement and ends in a period. Asks a question and ends with a question mark. Gives a command and ends with a period or an exclamation point. Expresses strong emotion and ends with an exclamation point.

10 Parts of A Sentence Subject Simple Subject Complete Subject
Compound Subject Answers “Who or What is this sentence about? The main word or words (nouns or pronouns) that the sentences is about. All the words that tell who or what the subject is about, not including prepositional phrases) Two or more words that share the same verb and joined by conjunctions (and, or, either/or, neither/nor).

11 Parts of A Sentence Answers “What is the subject doing, will the subject do, or has the subject done?” The main word or words (Verbs) that tell time and explain what action the subject does, will do, or did in a sentence. (action, linking, helping) The main verb and all the other words that tell who or what the subject is doing, will do, or has done. Two or more verbs that have the same subject and are connected with conjunctions. Predicate Simple Predicate Complete Predicate Compound Predicate

12 Practice: Page 7 On the back of your page, draw three vertical lines so that you have four columns. From the left, Label the 1st Column: Complete Subject Label the 2nd Column: Complete Predicate Read Statements 1-10 on Page 7. Put the Complete subject in the left column, and the complete predicate in the right.

13 Practice: Page 15 Label the 3rd column Compound Subject.
Label the 4th column Compound Predicate. Read questions Write the compound subject in Column 3 and the Compound Predicate in column 4. Note: the sentences have EITHER a compound subject OR a compound predicate.

14 All About Me Each of you will be given a paper plate.
Divide the plate into three sections. Label one section Likes & Interests, one section Dislikes, one section Goals for 8th the Future. Locate magazine pictures, personal pictures, drawings, words, letters to make words, etc. and to represent each of the elements in the sections. A minimum of 5 items per section required! Then, on a separate piece of paper, write sentences that explain each of the items on your plate. First explain Likes, then Dislikes, then Goals. Example: I included a picture of Pizza on my “Likes” because pizza is my favorite food.

15 Agenda 8-17-2010 Good Things Journal #2: Capturing Kid’s Hearts
Review yesterday’s grammar and complete. Continuing with The Sentence and Its Parts: Verbs, Verb Phrases, and Complements. Reminder: Paper Plate Project due TOMORROW!!!!

16 Journal Question #2: Copy the following question, and answer it in at least two complete sentences. How do I wanted to be treated by other students? Then, share with your group members what you wrote, and determine a group answer.

17 Agenda 8/18/2010 Good Things! Journal Question #3
Collect and PRESENT your Paper Plate Project. Review yesterday’s grammar lesson Review Game Grammar: Verbs, Verb Phrases, BRING TEXTBOOK ON MONDAY!!!!

18 Journal Question #3: 8/18/2010 Copy the following question and answer it in two complete sentences. How do you think the teacher wants to be treated by you?

19 Practicing Together On the paper provided, create a four columns: Label the 1st Complete Subject, 2nd Complete Predicate, 3rd Compound Subject, 4th Compound Predicate. At your table group, discuss and decide the following about the sentences provided your group: Determine the order of the words in the sentence by moving the pieces around. Next, Write the answer for each part of the sentence in the columns. When you are done, raise your hand and I’ll come check your work!

20 Parts of A Sentence: Verb Phrases
Verbs Kinds of Verbs: Action, Linking, Helping Verb Phrases Express action, a condition, or a state of being. Action Verbs tell what the subject does, even if the action is not visible. Linking Verbs tell what a subject IS. Helping Verbs show time in the past, present or future (will, did, can, Helping verbs can not be alone in a sentence. A main verb and one or more helping verbs.

21 Parts of A Sentence: Verb Phrases
Common Linking Verbs Forms of Be: is, am, are was, were, be, being, been Others that link: appear, feel, look, sound, seem, smell, taste, grow, become.

22 Parts of A Sentence: Verb Phrases
Common Helping Verbs Forms of Be: is, am, are, was, were, be, been Forms of Do: Do, does, did Forms of Have: has, have, had Others that show time: May, might, can, should, could, would, shall, will.

23 Nearly one hundred words can be used by this intelligent bird.
Copy the following sentences. Circle the COMPLETE VERB PHRASE & underline the main verb Dr. Irene Pepperberg has worked with Alex, an Africa Gray parrot, for years. Nearly one hundred words can be used by this intelligent bird. Alex is believed to understand the words, not just “parrot” sounds. Alex has been counting to six. He and other birds are learning letters and their sounds.

24 Practice Turn the Language Network Book to page 13.
In Your Spiral notebook, number 1-10 on the next blank page. Read questions Write down the complete verb phrase in each sentence.

25 Group Practice Work together to answer the questions on the worksheet.
Glue the worksheet into your spiral notebook as shown.

26 Parts of A Sentence: Complements
Complements are words or groups of words that complete the meaning of a verb. Complements are always in the predicate of the sentence because they follow a verb. Subject Complements: follow a linking verb and renames or describes subject of the sentence. Subject complements are either predicate nouns or predicate adjectives.

27 Practice: page 22 Number 1-10 on your page. Read questions 1-10.
First, write down the SUBJECT of the sentence. Then, write down the complement. Then, label the complement as either a PN (predicate noun) or PA (predicate adjective).

28 Parts of A Sentence: Objects of Verbs
Direct Objects Indirect Objects A word or group of words that names the reciever of the action of a verb. Answers the question “What or whom is receiving the action in the sentence?” A word or group of words that tells TO/FOR whom or TO/FOR what the action is performed in a sentence. An indirect Object usually comes between a verb and a direct object.

29 Parts of A Sentence: Objects of Verbs
Common Verbs that come before an indirect object: Bring, Hand, Give, Lend, Make, Offer, Send, Show, Teach, Tell, Write, Ask

30 Copy the following Sentences

31 Practice Turn to page 24 of your Language Network Book. Number 1-10.
For each question, write the VERB, the OBJECT of the verb, and identify whether the object is DIRECT (D.O.) or INDIRECT (I.O.)

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