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World Organisation for Animal Health. Seminar on the Dialogue and Common Activities between the OIE Member Countries of the European Union and the other.

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Presentation on theme: "World Organisation for Animal Health. Seminar on the Dialogue and Common Activities between the OIE Member Countries of the European Union and the other."— Presentation transcript:

1 World Organisation for Animal Health

2 Seminar on the Dialogue and Common Activities between the OIE Member Countries of the European Union and the other Member Countries of the OIE Regional Commission for Europe Ankara, Turkey, 21-22 November 2005

3 Presentation of Objectives and Structure of the OIE and of the 4th Strategic Plan 2006-2010 Dr Dewan SIBARTIE OIE, Central Bureau, Head of the Regional Activities Department 21-22 November 2005

4 The official name of the Organisation “World Organisation for Animal Health” adopted by the International Committee on May 2003

5 Plan Objectives Member Countries Structure International relations Information system International Standards Reference Laboratories – Collaborating Centres Publications and Website 4th Strategic Plan of the OIE for 2006-2010

6 167 Member Countries 167 Member Countries (May 2005) Americas: 29 – Africa: 50 – Europe: 49 – Middle East: 13 – Asia: 26

7 OIE Objectives

8 Objectives 1. To ensure transparency in the global animal disease and zoonosis situation 2. To collect, analyse and disseminate scientific veterinary information 3. To provide expertise and encourage international solidarity in the control of animal diseases 4. Within its mandate under the WTO SPS Agreement, to safeguard world trade by publishing health standards for international trade in animals and animal products 5. To improve the legal framework and resources of national Veterinary Services 6. To provide a better guarantee of the safety of food of animal origin and to promote animal welfare through a science-based approach

9 The historical objectives (1) 1. To ensure transparency in the global animal disease and zoonosis situation Objectives

10 The historical objectives (2) 2. To collect, analyse and disseminate scientific veterinary information

11 Objectives 3.To provide expertise and encourage international solidarity in the control of animal diseases New objectives (1)

12 Objectives 4.Within its mandate under the WTO SPS Agreement, to safeguard world trade by publishing health standards for international trade in animals and animal products New objectives (2)

13 Objectives 5.To improve the legal framework and resources of national Veterinary Services New objectives (3)

14 Objectives 6. To provide a better guarantee of the safety of food of animal origin, To promote animal welfare, through a science-based approach New mandates (4)

15 Contributions Ordinary - 6 categories of countries Volontary - Financing of specific activities (Regional Representations)……..

16 OIE Structure

17 INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE Administrative Commission Specialist Commissions Code, Laboratories, Aquatic animals, Scientific Regional Commissions Africa, Americas, Europe, Asia- Far East and Oceania, Middle East Central Bureau Director General Regional Activities Department Administrative and Financial Department Animal Health Information Department Publications Department Scientific and Technical Department Collaborating Centres Reference Laboratories Ad hoc Groups Working Groups Regional Representations International Trade Department

18 The International Committee the highest authority of the OIE comprises all the Delegates meets at least once a year voting by Delegates respects the democratic principle of 'one country, one vote'. elects the members of the governing bodies of the OIE appoints the Director General for a 5-year mandate

19 The Delegate He is usually the Chief Veterinary Officer of his country Member of the International Committee (General Session) In permanent contact with the OIE Should inform the OIE of the animal disease situation of his country

20 The Delegate Ensure that the legislation in force in his country is based on OIE standards and if necessary, on a scientific risk analysis Focal point of the OIE = national specialist focal point (aquatic animal diseases, wildlife, sanitary information systems, veterinary medicinal products

21 The Administrative Commission (1) Composition: the President of the International Committee, the Vice-President, the Past President, 6 Delegates, elected for a 3-year term (with the exception of the former President)

22  PresidentDr Abdoulaye Bouna Niang (Senegal)  Vice-PresidentDr Barry O’Neil (New Zealand)  Past PresidentDr Romano Marabelli (Italy)  MembersDr Nikola T. Belev (Bulgaria) Dr George Khoury (Syria) Dr Rachid Bouguedour (Algeria) Dr José Molina (Philippines)  AuditorsDr Carlos A. Correa Messuti (Uruguay) Dr Brian R. Evans (Canada) The Administrative Commission (2)

23 The Administrative Commission (3) Role: - represents the Committee during the interval between General Sessions - examines technical and administrative matters and, in particular, the working programme and the proposed budget - to be presented to the International Committee. meets twice a year in Paris

24 Specialist Commissions Biological Standards Commission - "Laboratories Commission" Terrestrial Animal Health Standards Commission "Code Commission" Scientific Commission for Animal Diseases "Scientific Commission" Aquatic Animal Health Standards Commission "Aquatic Animals Commission"

25 Régional Commission 5 Regional Commissions - Africa - Americas - Asia, Far East and Oceania - Europe - Middle East Bureau :1 President 2 Vice-Presidents 1 Secretary General

26 Central Bureau The Animal Health Information Department The Administrative and Financial Department The Scientific and Technical Department The Regional Activities Department The International Trade Department The Publications Department

27 Régional Representation 5 Regional Représentations - Africa (Bamako, Mali); sub-representation in SADC - Americas (Buenos Aires, Argentine) - Asia, Far East and Oceania (Tokyo, Japan) - Europe (Sofia, Bulgaria) - Middle East / Moyen Orient (Beyrouth, Lebanon) And A Regional coordination Unit for the Southeast Asia Foot-and-Mouth Disease Campaign (Bangkok, Thailand)

28 Working Groups Wildlife Diseases Animal Production Food Safety Animal Welfare

29 Ad Hoc Groups Set up, when needed,  with world renowned scientists  to prepare decisions of the Specialist Commissions and the International Committee

30 International Relations

31 International Relations (1) Institutional cooperation with: WHO World Health Organization FAO Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations WTO World Trade Organization CAC Codex Alimentarius Commission IPPC International Plant Protection Convention

32 International Relations (2) Institutional cooperation with (2): World Bank CABI CAB International ILRI International Livestock Research Institute Regional Organizations : AU-IBAR, PAHO, OIRSA, IICA, CEBEVIRHA, SADC, CPS, European Commission, Andean Community, PVC

33 International Relations (3) Technical and scientific cooperation with more than 20 regional organisations and international professional associations: Inter alias : IMS IDF FEI IFAH IABs WVA (World Veterinary Association) IFAP (…)

34  Promote transparency in and knowledge of global animal disease situation OIE Information System

35 Source of Early Warning Disease reports Reports from Member Countries Reports from worldwide network of OIE Reference Labs. Active search and tracking of unofficial sources, such as scientific publications and ProMed, and lay publications, with Member Country verification Improved Member Country surveillance  Policies  Internal and international resources

36 The OIE Early Warning System

37 The OIE Global Information System

38 Criteria for inclusion in the OIE list:  International spread  Significant spread within naive population  Zoonotic potential  Emerging diseases (new infection resulting from the evolution of an existing pathogen or parasite resulting in a change of host range, vector, pathogenicity or strain; or the occurrence of a previously unrecognized infection or disease.) OIE animal disease notification system

39 Joint OIE/FAO/WHO initiative Animal disease and zoonoses tracking Emergency response Trends analysis predictions Capacity building of Veterinary Services for surveillance and early warning and response (animal sector) List of priority animal diseases, zoonoses and emerging diseases Global Early Warning System (GLEWS)

40 OIE International Standards

41 Terrestrial Animal Health Code – mammals, birds and bees Aquatic Animal Health Code – fish, molluscs and crustaceans Manual of Diagnostic Tests for Aquatic Animals Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals

42 Safety of international trade of animals and animal products Harmonization of legislations and control methods in countries Narrow the gap between rich and poor countries (…) Why are standards necessary (1)

43 Surveillance and control of animal diseases and zoonoses = Intern. Public Good (IPG) IPG implementation is a duty of governments International community, international org., donors and NGO influence and support Public – Private sector contracts Why are standards necessary (2)

44 Pressure by exporting countries to increase trade Pressure by importing countries to protect themselves (e.g. Avian influenza) Ethics and public health protection How fast are they changing and in response to what pressure?

45 PROBLEM Specialist Commissions Review Advice of experts or other Specialist Commissions Draft text COMMITTEE DELEGATES Adoption COMMITTEE, COMMISSIONS, DELEGATES 1 2 OIE INTERNATIONAL STANDARD Updating international standards

46 Reference Laboratories Collaborating Centres

47 Reference Laboratories (1) 155 Reference Laboratories in 30 Countries covering 92 diseases or topics

48 Reference Laboratories (2) Expert centres for worldwide standardization Store and distribute reference reagents Conduct and validate diagnostic tests Coordinate technical and scientific studies Provide technical and scientific training Organise laboratory proficiency testing

49 Collaborating Centres (1) 15 Collaborating Centres in 9 Countries

50 Collaborating Centres (2) Expert centres on horizontal subjects, for the OIE and Member Countries Assist in the elaboration of procedures for the harmonization of international standards Coordinate activities on cooperation Provide technical training Organize and host scientific meetings for the OIE

51 OIE Publications & Web Site

52 Publications of the OIE Bulletin every 3 months Scientific and Technical Reviewevery 4 months World Animal Healthevery year Technical items, Newsletters, Specialised booksvariable

53 On the OIE Web Site… Early warning Weekly Disease Information International Standards (Codes, Manuals, etc.) Scientific and Technical Review (contents and abstracts) Scientific and general information on OIE activities Animal diseases and zoonoses Editorials from the Director General

54 4th OIE Strategic Plan for 2006-2010

55 Procedures adopted Consultations with Regional and Specialist Commissions Interim report discussed during the May 2004 General Session Extraordinary meeting of the OIE Administrative Commission (Montebello, Canada, November 2004) Permanent support from an expert : Dr Alan Randell, former Codex Commission Secretary

56 Procedures adopted Elaboration of a new project proposed for adoption by the Administrative Commission in February 2005, at the OIE headquarters in Paris Submission of the project to the Member Countries after translation into the OIE working languages (French, English, Spanish) Discussion and adoption by the OIE International Committee in May 2005

57 Establishment of a work schedule for the Director General, based on the agreed Plan Director General develops a financial plan taking into account contributions from Member Countries Proposed by Administrative Commission (February 2006), for adoption by International Committee (May 2006) Subsequent phases

58 What does a Strategic Plan mean ? Defines a five year policy having a strong legal basis but based on consensus Provides a framework that allows the Director General to schedule his annual work programmes for 5 years Allows adjustments, if any, after a period of 3 years

59 2005/2010 Strategic Plan Reasserts the relevance of the goals of the former Strategic Plan and provides for their consolidation Clarifies the OIE’s objectives and major missions Ensures a balance between missions to be achieved and available resources detailed in the work programme of the Director General

60 The OIE’s global objective The OIE was created in 1924 to prevent animal diseases from spreading all over the world The 4th Strategic Plan provides a further step and extends the OIE’s global mandate to “the improvement of animal health all over the world”

61 To alleviate poverty To improve Public Health by controlling/eradicating zoonoses including food borne diseases To improve the sanitary safety of international trade in animals and animal products To facilitate the access to regional and international markets for all countries Main consequences coming from this new mandate

62 Main consequences arising from this new mandate Promotion of animal welfare through the improvement of animal health and its sustainability by the development of international standards Improvement of National Veterinary Services to adopt and enforce regulations Strengthening of the position of the OIE as a leading international Organisation in the interest of Member Countries

63 New priorities of the IV th Plan Consolidation of 3 missions from the former Strategic Plan  To ensure transparency in the global animal disease situation  Elaboration and publication of science based standards, especially within the WTO-SPS Agreement  Elaboration and publication of guidelines for the prevention, control and eradication of animal diseases, including zoonoses. Evaluation of the health status of Member countries with respect to specific animal diseases

64 New strategic items Capacity building: training of OIE Delegates and their collaborators including focal points designated to liaise with the OIE on sanitary information system, aquatic animals, wild life, veterinary medicinal products…) By using new mechanisms such as Standards and Trade Development Facility (STDF) Strengthening the OIE’s influence on global, regional and national governance policies regarding animal health and scientific research Strengthening the position of the OIE as an advisor of Member Countries to settle sanitary disputes

65 Practical consequences Reinforcement of OIE capacities:  Necessity to strengthen Regional Representations  Defining a financing mechanism by the Member Countries of each region (in addition to the financing programme of the host country)  Staff reinforcement, development of internship, support from the private sector (within the framework of existing rules)  Necessity to formalise relations between Regional Representatives and elected Bureaus of the Regional Commissions

66 Practical consequences Scientific influence:  Necessity to reinforce the OIE Network of Collaborating Centers and Reference Laboratories  Development of twinning procedures and other specific projects for laboratories support particularly in developing countries  More involvement of the OIE in zoonotic diseases

67 Practical consequences Influence on global governance of animal health  Develop further the OIE’s communication department  Clarify further the relationship with WHO and FAO, by negotiating detailed Agreements and alliances for operational and specific programmes  Pursue lobbying with multi and bi-lateral Organisations in order to persuade them that investing in animal health and Veterinary Services is a major national and global priority

68 Practical consequences Influence on national policies  Convince Governments of the importance of the OIE Delegate  Convince Governments that further investment in monitoring and preventing animal diseases represents a low cost insurance compared to high costs involved in combating animal diseases  Support Delegates from developing countries to participate in standards-setting process and attending SPS and Codex meetings

69 Practical consequences As regards finance:  The cost (at constant rate currency) of the new priorities and measures of the 4th Strategic Plan is 25 % higher than the current budget  In May 2006, the Director General will propose new financing procedures (also for Regional Representations), including both compulsory and voluntary contributions, to finance the increase in the budget

70 Conclusion The implementation of the 4th Strategic Plan through Director General’s programme of work will continue to prove that, since 1924, OIE is of a “Public Good” for the international Community and that the contribution of Member Countries is negligible compared to the services provided in return

71 World Organisation for Animal Health 12 rue de prony 75017 Paris, France Tel: 33 (0)1 44 15 18 88 – Fax: 33 (0)1 42 67 09 87 Email:

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