Presentation on theme: "Body Paragraphs Writing body paragraphs is always a T.R.E.A.T. T= Transition R= Reason/point from thesis/claim E= Evidence (quote from the text) A= Answer."— Presentation transcript:
1 Body ParagraphsWriting body paragraphs is always a T.R.E.A.T. T= Transition R= Reason/point from thesis/claim E= Evidence (quote from the text) A= Answer why the reason/point and evidence is important and/or relevant and/or sufficient T= Tie back to Thesis/claim
2 T= TransitionStart every body paragraph with a TRANSITIONAL WORD or PHRASE.You can find a list in your writing section.Pick 4. Transitions are not PROMPT specific, so you can use them no matter what.Example: First and foremost,Use higher level phrases to show higher level writing
3 Transitional Phrases Time / Chronology / Sequence These transitional words (like finally) have the function of limiting, restricting, and defining time.first, secondFirst and foremostat the same timeto begin within the meantimein the first placefinallyafterlaterlastuntilsincethenbeforehencewhenonceaboutnextnowConclusion / Summary / RestatementThese transition words and phrases conclude, summarize and/or restate ideas, or a indicate a final general statement.in the final analysisall things consideredas shown abovegiven these pointsas has been notedfor the most partafter allin summaryin conclusionin shortin briefin essenceto summarizealtogetheroverallby and largeto sum upon the wholein any eventin either caseall in all
4 Transitional Phrases Examples / Support / Emphasis These transitional devices (like especially) are used to introduce examples as support, to indicate importance or as an illustration so that an idea is cued to the reader.in other wordsto put it differentlyfor one thingas an illustrationin this casefor this reasonto put it another waythat is to sayanother key pointfirst thing to remembermost compelling evidencemust be rememberedpoint often overlookedto point outon the positive / negative sidewith this in mindnotablyincludingAgreement / Addition / SimilarityThe transitional devices like also, in addition, and, likewise, add information, reinforce ideas , and express agreement with preceding material.in the first placenot only ... but alsoas a matter of factin like mannerin additioncoupled within the same fashion / wayfirst, second, thirdin the light ofnot to mentionto say nothing ofequally importantby the same token
5 R= Reason/pointState your 1st reason/point next from your thesis/claim. This is like your topic sentence.It is a general sentence about your paragraph’s topic.This should be directly beside your transitional phrase and comma.Example: First and foremost, cell phones would be useful for education within the classroom.
6 E= EvidenceGive a detailed example of your reason/point. This should come from your text.This should be a quote from the text.As you were reading the text you should have picked out things you thought were important. You can underline, highlight, star, whatever, but doing so while you read will help you after you start writing.You should have at least three E’s (examples) in each body paragraph.
7 When you are quoting or using something from the passage you can start with these: • X states that... • X claims that… • X agrees that... • X strongly argues... • X comments that... • X suggests that... • X takes the view that... • X believes that... • X comments that... • X observes that... • X concludes that... • X notes that... • According to X... • As X states...You can replace the X with “the author,” “the passage,” or “the evidence”
8 A= AnswerAnswer the first task in the prompt (thesis/claim). There is a second task on most prompts:Answer why the reason/point and evidence is important and/or relevant and/or sufficientExample prompt: Write an essay in which you delineate the opinions held about banned cell phones within the classroom. Evaluate whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient.
9 Answering that second, hidden question is the KEY TO GETTING A BODY PARAGRAPH DEVELOPED! This is the statement that goes with your example.You should have three examples and three answers.These should be paired up. That means you can’t have an example without an answer.
10 T= Tie Back to ThesisAfter all of that, tie your body paragraph back to your thesis statement.This is where you all struggle.Tell me why this is important to you, why should I be reading this at all. (Other than I have to.)You could try to really WOW the reader.
11 First and foremost, cell phones would be useful within the classroom for educational purposes. Originally, the author suggests, “Cell phones are a distraction within the classroom.” Because students are constantly connected to one another through their cell phones, they can often get distracted by these sources of technology. This shows that the evidence is relevant and understanding of our modern world. The article asserts that because of students’ constant communication through texting, the legal use of cell phones could help students focus. This evidence is sound explaining that students are fluent in “texting,” they may find it helpful to text answers to teachers or even take notes on their smart phones. Additionally, the author also claims, “Access to the internet via smart phones would cut down on costs of textbooks.” This evidence is relevant because students could simply use their phones to look up online textbooks instead of spending large sums of money each year on new textbooks. The simple concept of allowing students to use cell phones in the classroom would benefit both schools and students; therefore, it would be a great thing to lift bans on cell phones in some school districts. The author did a good job of proving his claim that cell phones would be useful for educational purposes.