2 Australia’s Location #1 Southern HemisphereSoutheast of AsiaPacific Ocean is to the East of AustraliaIndian Ocean is to the WestIs in the Eastern Hemisphere
3 Australia’s Climate #2Tropical Climate in the North, nearest the Equator, hot and rainyDry and even desert areas covers most of the interior Australia, called the OutbackTemperate in the south, with enough rain, cool winters, warm summers
4 Australia’s Geography #2 Outback is flat dry grasslands, scrubby plants, and sandy deserts (Great Victoria Desert on Southern Coast)Great Barrier Reef off the Northeast coast, world’s largest reef system in the Coral SeaAyers Rock/Uluru – large stone monolith in central AustraliaMountains along the Eastern coast (Great Dividing Range)Large coastline with many ports
5 Australia’s Natural Resources #3 Mining – mineral resourcesCoal, iron ore, copper, gold, silver, uranium, natural gas, opal-Farmland (Arable land)– cattle, sheep, grainRaise enough food to sell/trade with other countries-Large coastline – Ports for trade with the world, fishing, beaches and fishing for tourism (Great Barrier Reef)**Transportation is a large industry because of Australia’s large distances and remote locations
6 Australia’s History and Culture #4 Was a British Colony, it started as a prison colonyAborigines are the indigenous people of Aus., they were the first people in Aus./ believe in the Dreaming or DreamtimeDue to the history of colonization, most people are descended from England, Ireland, Wales, or ScotlandEnglish is the main language of AustraliaChristianity is the main religionAustralia is multi-cultural, people have moved to Australia from all over the world.
7 Australia’s Government/Economy Federal - power is shared between central government in Canberra, the capital city and the regions called states and territoriesParliamentary Democracy – citizens vote for members of Parliament (legislature) and the leader of the majority party in Parliament becomes the Prime MinisterHead of State – monarch, Queen of England, just a symbol (no real ruling power)Personal freedoms- speech, religion, property rights, court system and laws that protect rights of people (similar to US)
8 EconomyAustralia has the third freest economy in the world. On the continuum it is close to a market economy ( the govt does not own or control businesses, it is easy to start a business, the govt does not set salaries or decide prices, the market and supply and demand controls prices, what is produced, etc.)