3 Australian Territories and States (8 total) States: Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, QueenslandTerritories: Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory
9 VictoriaState closest to Tasmania in the Southeast part of the mainlandCapital is Melbourne; it’s the most urban state in Australia!The many rivers of the region are a good source of fresh water for farming
17 New South Wales North of Victoria, on the eastern coast Has more people than any other Australian state. The capital, Sydney, is the most populated city in Australia – 3.5 million people live there!Australian Capital Territory is located here
19 Queensland Second largest state; 7 times the size of England! In the northeastern part of the mainlandGreat Barrier Reef is located off its coast in the Coral SeaMore than half of Queensland’s population lives in the capital: Brisbane
28 Australia…The only country on the world’s smallest and flattest continentHas Earth’s oldest and least fertile soilsIncludes Tasmania, an island south of the mainlandSurrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans
29 Huge desert plains stretch across the country’s middle--central Australia’s climate is hot and dry (Only Antarctica get less rainfall per year!)Milder climates along the southeastern and southwestern coastsMost Australians live in the southeastern coastal region
30 Great Barrier Reef World’s largest coral reef! Lies off the northeast coast of Queensland--over 1,200 miles longContains an amazing variety of marine life including:400 types of coral1,500 species of fish4,000 mollusks (snails, clams, octopi, & squid)Also includes rare species like the sea cow and the large green turtle
34 Coral Sea An important source of coral for the Great Barrier Reef Part of the Pacific OceanOff the northeast coast of AustraliaWhen the earth’s crust moved millions of years ago, it created the Coral Sea and the Great Dividing Range (largest mountain range in Australia)Coral Sea islands are scattered over thousands of miles of ocean where no one lives except for a small group of weather specialists
36 Ayers Rock A huge, reddish rock located in the center of Australia It’s a monolith, which is a single, large rock sticking out of the earthAppears reddish because its iron content “rusts” at the surfaceNearly 12 stories high and almost 6 miles wide!
38 Ayers Rock Aborigines call it “Uluru”, which is its official name European surveyor visited the rock in 1873 and named it after Sir Henry Ayers, an English government official in South AustraliaIn 1950, Australia created Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park around Ayers Rock in the southwest corner of the state called Northern Territory
40 Great Victoria DesertStretches through the states of South Australia and Western AustraliaReceives only 8 to 10 inches of rain each year, and it never snows!Some grasslands in the desert along with sandhills and salt
42 Great Victoria DesertFirst Europeans to cross the desert named it after British Queen Victoria in 1875160,000 miles long protected wilderness areaVery few Australians live here because it’s too hot and dry
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