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Political & Physical Features of Australia. Australia’s Political Features.

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Presentation on theme: "Political & Physical Features of Australia. Australia’s Political Features."— Presentation transcript:

1 Political & Physical Features of Australia

2 Australia’s Political Features

3 Australian Territories and States (8 total) States: Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Queensland Territories: Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory

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5 Tasmania  Island off the southeast coast of the mainland  Almost half of Tasmania is unspoiled land that is protected by the government

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7 Tasmanian Devil?

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9 Victoria  State closest to Tasmania in the Southeast part of the mainland  Capital is Melbourne; it’s the most urban state in Australia!  The many rivers of the region are a good source of fresh water for farming

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12 South Australia  State in south-central Australia  The Great Victoria Desert is located here…

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15 Western Australia  Largest state; makes up 1/3 of the mainland  Most of Western Australia is desert (Great Victoria Desert & Great Sandy Desert are located here)

16 Great Sandy Desert

17 New South Wales  North of Victoria, on the eastern coast  Has more people than any other Australian state. The capital, Sydney, is the most populated city in Australia – 3.5 million people live there!  Australian Capital Territory is located here

18 Sydney, New South Wales

19 Queensland  Second largest state; 7 times the size of England!  In the northeastern part of the mainland  Great Barrier Reef is located off its coast in the Coral Sea  More than half of Queensland’s population lives in the capital: Brisbane

20 Brisbane

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22 Northern Territory  Northern coast of the mainland, between Western Australia and Queensland  Largest population of Aborigines in Australia

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25 Australian Capital Territory  Located in New South Wales  The national capital, Canberra, is located here

26 Canberra (Australia’s Capital)

27 Australia’s Physical Features

28 Australia…  The only country on the world’s smallest and flattest continent  Has Earth’s oldest and least fertile soils  Includes Tasmania, an island south of the mainland  Surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans

29  Huge desert plains stretch across the country’s middle--central Australia’s climate is hot and dry (Only Antarctica get less rainfall per year!)  Milder climates along the southeastern and southwestern coasts  Most Australians live in the southeastern coastal region

30 Great Barrier Reef  World’s largest coral reef!  Lies off the northeast coast of Queensland--over 1,200 miles long  Contains an amazing variety of marine life including:  400 types of coral  1,500 species of fish  4,000 mollusks (snails, clams, octopi, & squid)  Also includes rare species like the sea cow and the large green turtle

31 Great Barrier Reef from satellite

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34 Coral Sea  An important source of coral for the Great Barrier Reef  Part of the Pacific Ocean  Off the northeast coast of Australia  When the earth’s crust moved millions of years ago, it created the Coral Sea and the Great Dividing Range (largest mountain range in Australia)  Coral Sea islands are scattered over thousands of miles of ocean where no one lives except for a small group of weather specialists

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36 Ayers Rock  A huge, reddish rock located in the center of Australia  It’s a monolith, which is a single, large rock sticking out of the earth  Appears reddish because its iron content “rusts” at the surface  Nearly 12 stories high and almost 6 miles wide!

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38 Ayers Rock  Aborigines call it “Uluru”, which is its official name  European surveyor visited the rock in 1873 and named it after Sir Henry Ayers, an English government official in South Australia  In 1950, Australia created Uluru- Kata Tjuta National Park around Ayers Rock in the southwest corner of the state called Northern Territory

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40 Great Victoria Desert ZStretches through the states of South Australia and Western Australia ZReceives only 8 to 10 inches of rain each year, and it never snows! ZSome grasslands in the desert along with sandhills and salt

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42 Great Victoria Desert  First Europeans to cross the desert named it after British Queen Victoria in 1875  160,000 miles long protected wilderness area  Very few Australians live here because it’s too hot and dry

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