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Australian Geography and History. What comes to mind when you think of Australia?

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Presentation on theme: "Australian Geography and History. What comes to mind when you think of Australia?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Australian Geography and History

2 What comes to mind when you think of Australia?

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4 Australia is divided into 6 states

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6 Quick Facts  Today one out of four Australians were born oversees- very diverse population.  Australia is the 6 th largest country.  Australia is the biggest island in the world

7 Great Barrier Reef and the Coral Sea  The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef.  Coral reefs are made up of living organisms.  They exist in the ocean.  It is so vast that it can be seen from outer space.  As the world’s largest living organism, the Great Barrier Reef has been labeled as one of the seven wonders of the world.  It lies in the Coral Sea, off the northeast coast of Australia.

8 Great Barrier Reef

9 Great Victorian Desert  The Great Victorian Desert is in southern Australia.  It is vast, barren region with many small lakes and grasslands.

10 Ayers Rock  Ayers Rock is a giant sandstone rock formation.  It lies in central Australia.  Ayers Rock has many waterholes, caves, and springs.  The Aborigines believe Ayers Rock is sacred.

11 The Outback  Much of Australia is covered by the Australian Outback.  It is a dry region that covers most of Australia’s interior.  Temperatures in the Outback can be very hot.  There is very little rain.  Most of the soil is not good for farming.  Harsh conditions and the lack of fertile farmland mean that very few people live in the Outback.

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14 Population  Most Australians live in cities along Australia’s southeast coast.  This is largely because of the mild, temperate climate the region offers.  Due to rich mineral deposits, portions of northwest Australia are home to mining communities.  Miners rely on these natural resources for income.  The interior of the continent is dominated by the Outback.

15 Trade and Resources  Australia’s geography impacts trade.  Because of its dry terrain and vast wilderness areas Australia has historically had to import many of the agricultural products that it needs.  International trade has long been a critical part of Australia’s survival.  Australia’s largest trading partner is China.

16 Australia's Culture  Australia’s culture is very much like that of Western Europe or the United States.  Many of the fashions, products, musical styles, movies, businesses, and leisure activities that exist throughout the western world can be found in Australia.

17 British Culture  Australia was once a British colony.  British culture has greatly shaped the modern culture of Australia.  English is the official language.  The government is modeled after the United Kingdom.  The king or queen of the United Kingdom still has symbolic role.  Most Australians who follow a religion claim to be Christian.  British missionaries introduced Christianity in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries

18 Aboriginal History  Aborigines are native Australians whose ancestors lived on the continent before Europeans arrived.  When James Cook arrived he was told not to claim the land unless the natives agreed- they didn’t but claimed land anyway.  Genocide or mass murder of Aborigines who were considered savages by the Europeans.

19 Stolen Generations  Aborigines children were removed from their homes in order to give them European values and work habits.  Ethnocentrism- belief that your culture is superior to others

20 Aboriginal Culture  Aboriginal cultures still exist in Australia.  Many Aboriginal citizens have adopted western customs (fashion, work in urban areas, go to universities, and have similar lifestyles)  Other Aborigines live a more traditional existence.  Many of the societies exist in the Outback, where the harsh climate and geography discourages Europeans from interfering with the native peoples’ way of life.

21 Literacy  Australia’s literacy rate is very high.  Most Australians are well educated.  The literacy rate is lower among Aborigines.  Due to years of discrimination, there are still problems in the Aboriginal community, such as poverty and lack of education.

22 POP QUIZ

23 Question 1 The largest living organism in the world is A. The Aborigines B. Ayers Rock C. The Great Barrier Reef D. Found in the Outback

24 Question 2 Malcolm lives in a heavily populated city. There is a good chance Malcolm lives in A. The Great Victorian Desert B. Southeast Australia C. The Outback D. Northwest Australia


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