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Australia The Land Down Under Ayers Rock The Outback.

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Presentation on theme: "Australia The Land Down Under Ayers Rock The Outback."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Australia The Land Down Under

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6 Ayers Rock The Outback

7 Sydney, Australia

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9 Australia is made up of six states and two territories. The 2 territories are The Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory

10 Australia is about the size of the United States million people live there, about as many people as in New York.

11 Canberra is the capital of Australia. Unlike other cities in Australia, Canberra is a planned city.

12 SS6G12 The student will be able to locate selected features of Australia. a. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: the Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea. Ayers Rock, and the Great Victoria Desert

13 Physical Features of Australia huge desert plains stretching across the country’s middle largest part has semi-arid (dry land) called the Outback milder climates along the southeastern and southwestern Coasts larger population in the southern coastal regions, esp. on the east coast.

14 Northern Australia has a tropical climate, rain forests, mangrove swamps, grasslands It is the world’s smallest and flattest continent The Indian Ocean and Pacific Oceans surround Australia Gondwana Rainforest, Australia Evergreen tree that are can survive in saltwater

15 Coral Sea Great Barrier Reef Ayers Rock Great Victorian Desert Physical Regions of Australia

16 Great Barrier Reef and the Coral Sea v=wbNeIn3vVKM

17 Great Barrier Reef and the Coral Sea The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s large Coral Reef, running more 1200 miles. It lies a short distance off the northeast coast of Queensland. The reef is in waters known as the Coral Sea. The reef contains the world’s largest collection of coral and a large variety of marine life. There are 400 types of coral, species of fish, and 400 types of mollusks (snails, clams, octopi, and squid), and rare animals including the “sea cow” or dugong, and the large green turtle.

18 A Y E R S R O C K The Aborigines call it Uluru A large monolith rock (a single large rock sticking out of the ground) in the flatlands in Uluru-Kata National Park in the Northern Territory, in the center of the continent. It is gray but it appears reddish because its iron content “rusts” at the surface. 12 stories tall Six miles around the base Named after Sir Henry Ayers, a gov’t official in the South Australia Ex. Stone Mountain, Georgia

19 GREAT VICTORIA DESERT Located in the states of South Australia and Western Australia Only get 8-10 inches or rain each year (no snow) Some grasslands with sandhills, and salt lakes Europeans named it after Britain’s Queen Victoria in ,000 square miles Very few people live in there because it is too hot and dry

20 Who were the 1 st settlers to Australia? The first people to live in Australia were Aborigines who came from Southeast Asia thousands of years ago.

21 Australia becomes a colony Captain James Cook claimed Australia for England in It was first used as a prison colony by the English. 6 colonies were created during the 18 th &19 th centuries.

22 Australia becomes a country!!! Australia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The Commonwealth, is an organization of fifty-three independent member states. Most of them were formerly parts of the British Empire.

23 Government Australia is a Constitutional monarchy. They are a parliamentary democracy with a prime minister as head of the government. Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain is the head of state.

24 Flag of Australia

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