Washington O Precedents set: cabinet, two terms in office O Farewell Address: neutrality, stay out of foreign affairs (no foreign entanglements)
Adams O Alien Acts – more difficult to become a citizen and easier to arrest and deport non-citizens who were a danger to national security. O Sedition – easier to arrest someone for criticizing the government.
Jefferson O Political parties – developed through custom and tradition (unwritten constitution). O Federalists (Hamilton) and Democratic-Republicans (Jefferson) O Louisiana Purchase – doubled the size of the US. Required loose interpretation of the Constitution (elastic clause). Acquire the Mississippi River.
Madison O War of 1812 – Causes – impressment, War Hawks wanted to acquire Canada and British giving arms to the Indians and encouraging them to attack settlers on the frontier. O Treaty of Paris – gained nothing O National Anthem, White House, Future President (Jackson)
Monroe O “Era of Good Feelings” – New spirit of pride and national unity after the War of 1812. O Monroe Doctrine – written by John Quincy Adams. No further colonization of the Western Hemisphere. Any attempt to do so would be an act of war. US will stay out of European affairs. O John Marshall – Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Strengthened the power of the Federal government (McCulloch v. Maryland)
John Quincy Adams O Secretary of State – Wrote the Monroe Doctrine, negotiated the purchase of Florida. Better Secretary of State than President. O Florida – Adams-Onis Agreement – purchased from Spain.
Jackson O Spoils system – nepotism, gave jobs to his friends. O Pet banks – state banks owned by his friends that Jackson deposited money into. He broke the National Bank. O Trail of Tears – move Cherokees west of the Mississippi. Cherokees sue in court and win. Jackson moves them anyway. ¼ die along the way.