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Section 2 Types of Food For Use with the KS2 Science Curriculum Topic 3A Adapted by Oral Health Promotion, Devon 2014
At the supermarket This lesson looks at the choice we have of different types of food and drink available in the supermarket. But it is important to make healthy choices when shopping. Are there some foods you think you should eat more of ? Are there some foods that you think you should eat less of ?
A balanced diet A balanced diet is important to be healthy and to grow. The Eatwell plate tells us how to have a balanced diet.
The Eatwell plate The Eatwell plate has different foods and the coloured segments are different. The new five food groups are…………….
Fruit and vegetables - Green These should make up about a third of your total diet. Also remember the ‘5 a Day’ message. Try to eat lots of different coloured fruit and vegetables.
Fruit and vegetables Under the ‘5 A DAY’ campaign a hand full = 1 portion. Can you name all the foods on the screen ?
Fruit and vegetables – Why should we eat them ? Vitamin C - healthy skin and tissue. Carotenes - growth and development. Folate - healthy red blood cells. Fibre - healthy digestive system. Carbohydrate - a source of energy.
The Eatwell plate
Bread, rice, potatoes, pasta - Yellow These should also make up one third of your diet. There are many types of starchy foods – not just bread ! Why not try something new ?
Brown bread, rice, potatoes, pasta
Brown bread, rice, potatoes, pasta – Why should we eat them ? Carbohydrate - a source of energy. Fibre - healthy digestive system. Iron – healthy red blood cells. Vitamin B – help the body use energy. Folate – healthy red blood cells.
Milk and dairy foods - Blue These should make up 14% of the diet. They include all milk based foods.
Milk and dairy foods
Milk and dairy foods – Why should we eat them ? Calcium - strong bones and teeth. Zinc - tissue growth and repair. Protein - growth, repair, energy. Vitamin B – help the body use energy. Vitamin A - growth, eyesight. Eat a small portion of cheese because of fat
Meat, fish, eggs, beans - Pink This group should make up 12% of the diet. It includes both animal and vegetable sources of protein.
Meat, fish, eggs, and beans
Meat, fish, eggs, and beans – Why should we eat them ? Protein - growth, repair, energy. Iron - healthy red blood cells. Vitamin B - help the body use energy. Vitamin D - healthy bones. Zinc - tissue growth, repair. Magnesium - tissue and healthy bones. Omega 3 Oils - in fish, may protect against heart disease.
Food and drinks high in fat or sugar - Purple These foods and drinks should make up no more than 8% of your diet. Far too many people have more than this. This can cause health problems. Too much sugar can cause tooth decay. These should be taken at mealtimes only.
Food and drinks high in fat or sugar
Food and drinks high in fat or sugar – Why we should eat less of them ! Eat small amounts of these foods. Choose low fat or reduced sugar where possible. Use spreads and oils sparingly – try to use only vegetable fats and oils. Keep foods and drinks containing sugar to mealtimes only. Try not to add fat to foods when cooking.
Activity Sort the model foods into the food groups on the wheel provided. What does each food group do for our growing bodies ? Hint….A copy of the Eatwell Plate is on the next slide for reference. You may choose to have it on the screen or try the activity without it.
Most Common Errors The foods are sorted according to their largest ingredient therefore……….. Ice Cream = High in fats and sugar group. Beans = Meat, fish, eggs & beans group. Cereals = Bread, rice, potatoes pasta group. Cheese = Milk and dairy foods group. Butter = Milk and dairy foods group. Eggs = Meat, fish, eggs and beans group. Chocolate = High in fats and sugar group.
Remember There are no such things as good or bad foods – There are only good and bad diets. Enjoy your food. The wider variety of foods you eat, the better chance of meeting your nutritional needs. Its not all about food – have an active lifestyle too!
With thanks to Graeme Jones, Liverpool Dental Health Promotion
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