2 NutrientsFood contains different substances that are needed for health. These are nutrients, water and fibre.All food and drink provide nutrients.Different types of foods provide nutrients in different amounts.
3 Nutrients Food is the source of energy for humans. Energy is provided by the nutrients:carbohydrate;protein;fat.
4 Nutrients Other nutrients are: vitamins, e.g. Vitamin A, Vitamin C; minerals, e.g. iron, calcium.These are needed by the body to keep healthy.
5 Fibre Some foods also provide fibre. Fibre is not digested by the body, but is needed to keep the gut healthy.
6 Portion sizeDifferent amounts of food provide different amounts of energy and nutrients.The amount of food is known as a portion.We eat different amounts of different types of food.
7 Functions Protein is needed for growth and repair. Beef burgers Tuna What other foods provide protein?
8 FunctionsCarbohydrate provides the main source of energy for the body.PotatoesPastaWhat other foods provide carbohydrate?
9 Functions Fat is needed for health, but in small amounts. Oil Butter What other foods provide fat?
10 Functions Vitamin A is needed for night vision. Carrots Eggs What other foods provide Vitamin A?
11 Functions Vitamin C is needed for the maintenance of healthy skin. OrangeKiwiWhat other foods provide Vitamin C?
12 Functions Iron is a mineral which is needed for healthy blood. Roast beefBaked beansWhat other food provides iron?
13 FunctionsCalcium is a mineral which is needed for the growth and maintenance of strong bones and teeth.MilkCheeseWhat other food provides calcium?
14 Nutrients Fibre is needed to help keep the gut healthy. Wholemeal breadBaked potatoWhat other foods provide fibre?