6Manual handling: about your back cervical vertebrae: neck and head movementsdorsal vertebrae: connected to ribs, risk of trauma (shock, drop etc.)lumbar vertebrae: flexion, extension, rotation & support: risk of overload and permanent damage
7Manual handling: risks for your back short term:acute back injury from unique event (i.e. lifting too heavy, or in bad position)long term:chronic fragility/vulnerability of columninvalidity from back paingreat impact on your personal, professional and social life
8When handling materials, with or without mechanical assistance... be alert at all times to prevent accidents and injuries!
9Don’t lift an excessively heavy load Determine the weightToo heavy?Get help or use mechanical devices!
10Don’t lift a load that is too large to handle Determine the sizeToo big?Get help or use mechanical devices!
11Lift a load only if you can get a firm grip Assess shape and gripsCan’t hold it?Get help or use mechanical devices!
12Look around you: assess the location Where are you goingCan you get there safely?Anything elso going on?
13Check the floor surface Risks of falling?Risks of stumbling?Risks of slipping?
14Check around you!Any obstacles on the floor?Or on the ceiling?Or swinging around?
15Make sure you can see what you’re doing! Bad lighting?Heavy shadow?Anything else blocking your view?
16When lifting an object: Squatting position, back erectRaise the object straightening the legsUsing leg muscles to take strain off your back
17When lifting an object: Avoid lifting and turning at the same timeAlso, avoid jerking when pulling or lifting
18When moving an object:Take advantage of skids, hoists, bars, jacks, blocking or rollers when moving heavy material
19Whatever you are lifting or moving: Use appropriate personal protective equipmentTake special precautions when handling chemicals and hazardous materials