Let Safety be your Guideline! Prevent fatigue, prevent injuries, prevent accidents Handling: take care of your spine, muscles and hands Prevent risk of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD)
You need your hands! Be aware of every risk Wear protection: gloves Always remember: hygiene
You need your back too! Main handling principles Basic rules of manual handling Identify risk situations
Manual handling: 3 main steps
Manual handling: about your back cervical vertebrae: neck and head movements dorsal vertebrae: connected to ribs, risk of trauma (shock, drop etc.) lumbar vertebrae: flexion, extension, rotation & support: risk of overload and permanent damage
Manual handling: risks for your back short term: acute back injury from unique event (i.e. lifting too heavy, or in bad position) long term: chronic fragility/vulnerability of column invalidity from back pain great impact on your personal, professional and social life
When handling materials, with or without mechanical assistance... be alert at all times to prevent accidents and injuries!
Don’t lift an excessively heavy load Determine the weight Too heavy? Get help or use mechanical devices!
Don’t lift a load that is too large to handle Determine the size Too big? Get help or use mechanical devices!
Lift a load only if you can get a firm grip Assess shape and grips Can’t hold it? Get help or use mechanical devices!
Look around you: assess the location Where are you going Can you get there safely? Anything elso going on?
Check the floor surface Risks of falling? Risks of stumbling? Risks of slipping?
Check around you! Any obstacles on the floor? Or on the ceiling? Or swinging around?
Make sure you can see what you’re doing! Bad lighting? Heavy shadow? Anything else blocking your view?
When lifting an object: Squatting position, back erect Raise the object straightening the legs Using leg muscles to take strain off your back
When lifting an object: Avoid lifting and turning at the same time Also, avoid jerking when pulling or lifting
When moving an object: Take advantage of skids, hoists, bars, jacks, blocking or rollers when moving heavy material
Whatever you are lifting or moving: Use appropriate personal protective equipment Take special precautions when handling chemicals and hazardous materials