Presentation on theme: "Electronic Commerce and Electronic Business Lecture – 12"— Presentation transcript:
1 Electronic Commerce and Electronic Business Lecture – 12 IT in BusinessElectronic Commerce and Electronic BusinessLecture – 12
2 What is Electronic Commerce? Definition Electronic Commerce (e-commerce): Use of communication networks, including the public Internet, to conduct commercial transactions between businesses or with consumers.
3 What is Electronic Commerce? Types of Electronic Commerce Business-to-Consumer (B2C) E-Commerce: Electronic commerce carried out by an enterprise in order to serve its consumer customers.Business-to-business (B2B) E-Commerce: Companies doing business electronically with other businesses.
4 What is Electronic Commerce? Types of Electronic Commerce (Continued)
5 What is Electronic Commerce? Types of Electronic Commerce (Continued)
6 What is Electronic Commerce? Benefits of E-Commerce Geographic ReachSpeedProductivityInformation SharingNew FeaturesLower CostsCompetitive Advantage
7 What is Electronic Commerce? Benefits of E-Commerce (Continued)
8 What is Electronic Commerce? Growth of E-Commerce
9 What is Electronic Commerce? Growth of E-Commerce (Continued)
10 Electronic Storefront: Home page of an online retailing business. Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce Applications Online Retailing and Electronic StorefrontsOnline Retailing: Shoppers visit a store over the Internet and check out the products.Electronic Storefront: Home page of an online retailing business.
11 Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce Applications Electronic Markets Electronic Markets (e-markets): A collection of individual shops accessible through a single location on the World Wide Web.Auctions: Shoppers make bids to determine the sale price of an item rather than relying on predetermined fixed prices.Brick and Mortar: Any physical store or building, regardless of how it is constructed or where it is located.
12 Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce Applications Electronic Markets (Continued) Forward Auction: Shoppers bid on a desired item with the knowledge that the seller will take the highest offer.Reverse Auction: The direct opposite of a traditional auction. The bidders list their product or service requirements and the maximum price they are willing to pay for it. Potential sellers who can provide the good or service reverse bid against each other by posting their bids for buyers. The bidder offering the requested products or services at the best price wins the bid.
13 Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce Applications Electronic Markets (Continued) Dutch Auctions: On electronic markets, the market operator displays a high opening price for an item and asks for buyers willing to pay the price. At pre-specified intervals, the price is lowered until a bidder is willing to pay the displayed price.
14 Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce Applications Portal Portal: A gateway or hub site, such as Yahoo!, that provides chat rooms.Content Aggregator: An e-commerce portal that assembles information (that is, content) from a variety of sources, organizing the information into a form that is useful to visitors to the Web site.Infomediary: A Web site that locates, retrieves, and organizes specialized information for potential users. The term is a composite of information and intermediary.
15 Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce Applications Online Services Electronic Banking/Cyber-banking: Customers conduct their banking activities without going to a physical bank office.Virtual Bank: Operates exclusively over the Internet.Personal Finance and Bill PaymentAutomatic Transfer of Bank Loan and Mortgage PaymentsAutomatic Payment of Utility BillsOnline Bill PaymentElectronic Bill PresentmentCombined Electronic Bill Presentment and Payment
16 Securities and Investments Travel Services Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce Applications Online Services (Continued)Securities and InvestmentsTravel Services
17 Catalog and Content Management Functions Performed by B2C E-Commerce Site Common Functions of B2C sitesCatalog and Content ManagementContent: Information distributed over the Internet.Shopping and CheckoutBack Office ProcessingBack Office: Deals with the final steps in the sale.Processing Customer PaymentUpdating Inventory RecordsPreparing Item for Distribution
18 Functions Performed by B2C E-Commerce Site Common Functions of B2C sites (Continued) AdvertisingSearch EnginesBanner AdsInteractive Marketing: The use of customer advertising prepared to fit the profile of a specific visitor to a site.Interactive Coupon: Offered online.Spam: Unsolicited advertising by .
19 Business-to-Business E-Commerce Applications Supply Chain Management Supply Chain CharacteristicsSupply Chain: The flow of parts, components, materials, funds, and information between a company’s sources and its customers.Supply Chain Management: The oversight of activities interconnecting suppliers and buyers.
22 Supply Chain Integration Strategies Business-to-Business E-Commerce Applications Supply Chain Management (Continued)Supply Chain Integration StrategiesSupply Chain Integration: The synchronization of all parties involved in making a product or delivering a service in order to meet buyer, seller, and customer needs.Efficient Consumer Response/Continuous Replenishment: Data and information on products are captured at the point of sale and shared with suppliers periodically (usually daily) so that both can work together to jointly forecast future demand for replenish able items, monitor trends, and detect opportunities for new items.
24 Supply Chain Integration Strategies Business-to-Business E-Commerce Applications Supply Chain Management (Continued)Supply Chain Integration StrategiesEfficient Consumer Response/Continuous ReplenishmentDisintermediation: Name given to removing intermediaries (like brokers and distributors) from the supply chain.Vendor-Managed Inventory: Companies deal directly with vendor, that is, manufacturers or suppliers.
26 Business-to-Business E-Commerce Applications E-Procurement Electronic Procurement (e-procurement): Give employee access to catalogs of products and services from multiple suppliers.Direct Spending: To obtain materials or components from suppliers for use in the manufacture of a product or delivery of a service.Indirect Spending/Maintenance, Repair, and Operations (MRO): Buys goods and services that support operation of the company as a whole.
28 Business-to-Business E-Commerce Applications Electronic Exchange Electronic Exchange/B2B hub: Commerce sites on the Internet where buyers and sellers can come together to shop, exchange information, or carry out transactions to buy or sell products and services.Public Exchange/Independent Exchange: A third party – the market maker – operates the electronic market, displays the market’s information content, and provides electronic tools for conducting trade.Vertical Exchange: Structured to serve members of a specific industry.
29 Public Exchange/Independent Exchange Business-to-Business E-Commerce Applications Electronic Exchange (Continued)Public Exchange/Independent ExchangeHorizontal Exchange: Seeks to simultaneously serve the interests of companies across different industries. Customers seek their services because of functional expertise rather than industry expertise.Consortia-led Exchange: Industry players combine forces to create a common forum for the exchange of goods and services.
31 Business-to-Business E-Commerce Applications Electronic Exchange (Continued) Private Exchange: An Internet-base trading forum (I.e., an electronic market) implemented by a single company with a select group of suppliers and customers.