8-2 Electronic Commerce More than just buying and selling products online Includes the entire online process of Developing, marketing, selling, delivering, servicing and paying for products and services
8-3 Categories of e-Commerce Business-to-Consumer (B2C) – businesses develop electronic marketplaces to sell products and services to consumers Business-to-Business (B2B) – involves both electronic business marketplaces and direct market links between businesses Consumer-to-Consumer (C2C) – online auctions where consumers can buy and sell with each other
8-4 Essential e-commerce process architecture
8-5 Access Control and Security E-commerce processes must establish secure access by authenticating users and authorizing access
8-6 Profiling and Personalizing Gather data on you and your website behavior and choices. Build electronic profiles of your characteristics and preferences One-to-one marketing strategy
8-7 Search Management Search processes that helps customers find the specific product or service they want to evaluate or buy
8-8 Content and Catalog Management Content Management – software that helps companies develop, generate, deliver, update, and archive data at e-commerce websites Catalog Management – software that helps generate and manage catalog content
8-9 Workflow Management Software that helps employees electronically collaborate to accomplish structured work tasks within knowledge-based business processes
8-10 Event Notification Respond to events such as customer’s first website access, payment, delivery and problem Event notification software monitors e- commerce processes
8-11 Collaboration and Trading Processes that support the vital collaboration arrangements and trading services Online communities of interest Blog, , chat, and discussion groups
8-12 Electronic Payment Processes Web Payment Processes Shopping cart process Credit card payment process Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) Capture and process money and credit transfers between banks and businesses and their customers
8-13 Section II e-Commerce Trends
8-14 e-Commerce Success Factors Selection and Value Attractive product selections, competitive prices, satisfaction guarantees, and customer support after the sale Performance and Service Fast, easy navigation, shopping, and purchasing, and prompt shipping and delivery Look and Feel Attractive web storefront, website shipping areas, multimedia product catalog pages, and shopping features
8-15 e-Commerce Success Factors Advertising and Incentives Targeted web page advertising and promotions, discounts and special offers, including advertising at affiliate sites
8-16 e-Commerce Success Factors Personal Attention Personal web pages, personalized product recommendations, Web advertising and notices, and interactive support for all customers Community Relationships Virtual communities of customers, suppliers, company representatives, and others via newsgroups, chat rooms, and links to related sites Security and Reliability Security of customer information and website transactions, trustworthy product information, and reliable order fulfillment
8-17 Developing a Web Store Build website Use simple website design tools Predesigned templates Build your own website or use outside contractor Market website to attract visitors and transform them into loyal customers
8-18 Serving Customers Serve customers by creating user profiles, personal Web pages and promotions that help develop a one- to-one relationship Transact with customers by providing an attractive, friendly, and efficient Web store Support customers with Self-help menus, tutorials, FAQs correspondence with customer service representatives
8-19 Managing a Web Store Manage both the business and the website Record and analyze traffic, inventory and sales Link to accounting system Operate twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week Protect transactions and customer records, use firewalls, and repel hacker attacks
8-20 B2B e-Commerce B2B e-commerce is the wholesale and supply side of the commercial process, where businesses buy, sell, or trade with other businesses. Factors for building a successful retail website also apply to websites for B2B e-commerce.
8-21 e-Commerce Marketplaces One to Many – sell-side marketplaces host one major supplier who dictates product catalog offerings and prices Many to One – buy-side marketplaces attract many suppliers that flock to these exchanges to bid on the business of a major buyer Some to Many – distribution marketplaces unite major suppliers who combine their product catalogs to attract a larger audience of buyers
8-22 e-Commerce Marketplaces Many to Some – procurement marketplaces unite major buyers who combine their purchasing catalogs to attract more suppliers and thus more competition and lower prices Many to Many – auction marketplaces used by many buyers and sellers that can create a variety of buyers’ or sellers’ auctions to dynamically optimize prices
8-23 e-Commerce Portals B2B e-commerce portal can provide several types of marketplaces in one site Often developed and hosted by third-party market- maker companies who serve as infomediaries that bring buyers and sellers together in catalog, exchange, and auction markets.
8-24 Clicks and Bricks Should we integrate our e-commerce business operations with our traditional physical business operations Or should we keep them separate?
8-25 e-Commerce Channel The marketing or sales channel created by a company to conduct and manage its chosen e-commerce activities Issue is whether the e-commerce channel should be integrated with traditional sales channel.