Presentation on theme: "BREAST CANCER AWARENESS Sheraton Kuwait , Crystal Ballroom"— Presentation transcript:
1 BREAST CANCER AWARENESS Sheraton Kuwait , Crystal Ballroom European Breast Health Day Hayatt - Ruqayah Abdulwahab Alqatami Breast Cancer Foundation in collaboration with the Polish Presidency in the Council of the European UnionBREAST CANCER AWARENESSMAKE HEALTHY CHOICESSheraton Kuwait , Crystal Ballroom15 October 2011
2 BREAST CANCER AWARENESS Dr Salah FayazOctober 2011
3 What is a Breast?The breast is composed mainly of fatty tissue, which contains a network of lobes made up of tiny, tube-like structures called lobules that contain milk glandsTiny ducts connect the glands, lobules, and lobes, and carry the milk from the lobes to the nippleBlood and lymph vessels run throughout the breastAbout 90% of all breast cancers start in the ducts or lobes of the breast
4 Breast CancerBreast cancer is one of the commonest cancers in the world today. There are nearly new cases of breast cancer each year. The disease is commoner in the west than in Asia and Africa. The incidence is low in Japan. The uncontrolled, abnormal growth of cellsIt is not a single disease. Rather, it is a mixture of cancerous diseases. As two patients may have different diseases, and the ideal treatment for one, may not be the same for another.
5 Statistics cont.For women in the U.S.and the U.K. breast cancer death rates are higher than those for any other cancer, besides lung cancer.Besides skin cancer, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among U.S. women. More than 1 in 4 cancers in women (about 28%) are breast cancer.In 2010, there were more than 2.5 million breast cancer survivors in the U.S.
6 StatisticsAbout 1 in 8 women in the United States (between 12 and 13%) will develop invasive breast cancer over the course of her lifetime.In 2010, over 200,000 new cases of invasive breast cancer were diagnosed in women in the U.S., along with over 50,000 new cases of non-invasive (in situ) breast cancer.About 1,900 new cases of invasive breast cancer were diagnosed in men. Less than 1% of all new breast cancer cases occur in men.
7 Statistics cont.50,000 new cases of breast cancer are diagnosed each year in the UK. That's one every 10 minutes.About 300 men are diagnosed each year also.There are an estimated 550,000 people living in the UK today who have had a diagnosis of breast cancer.Just over 12,000 people die from breast cancer in the UK each year.
8 Statistics (Kuwait)Breast cancer is ranked the most frequent type of malignancy diagnosed in Kuwait, with 1 in 5 cases of malignancies diagnosed in women being breast cancer.In 2008, 313 new cases of breast cancer presented to the KCCC accounting for 22% of the 1,438 new malignancy cases.The mean age of the patients was around 50 years which is much lower than the average age range of years in western countries.Only % were diagnosed with early breast cancer.About 10% of the cases were diagnosed with disease already spread to distant sites on first diagnoses.
11 Statistics cont.Death rates from breast cancer have been decreasing since These decreases are thought to be the result of treatment advances, earlier detection through screening, and increased awareness, and decreased use of HRT.
12 Risk Factors Risk factors you can control Weight Diet Exercise Alcohol consumptionSmokingExposure to estrogenStress and anxiety
13 Risk Factors cont. Risk factors you can’t control Gender Age Family history of breast cancerPersonal history of breast cancerRaceRadiation therapy to the chestBreast cellular changesExposure to estrogenPregnancy and breastfeedingA personal history of ovarian cancerA genetic predisposition (such as mutations to the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes)
14 Breast Cancer Prevention Chemo-prevention: TamoxifenStrong and different screening for high risk womenConsidering prophylactic mastectomy in women with related genetic mutations.
15 Fallacies Finding a lump in your breast means you have breast cancer. Men do not get breast cancer.A mammogram can cause breast cancer.Breast cancer is contagious.Antiperspirants and deodorants cause breast cancer.Biopsies cause spread of the cancer.Breast cancer is always hereditary.
16 Breast Cancer and Early Detection Early diagnosis means a better chance of successful treatmentSelf examination is an essential part of early detectionMammography is the best tool doctors have to screen for breast cancer and can detect cancers too small to be feltRecommendations differ; many state that women obtain a mammogram each year, starting at the age of 40Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be used for very high risk women
17 Survival 5-YEAR SURVIVAL RATE BY STAGE Stage 0 100% Stage I 98% Stage II 88%Stage IIIA 56%Stage IIIB 49%Stage IV 16%
18 Stage I Breast CancerThe tumor is small and has not spread to the lymph nodes
19 Stage II Breast CancerStage IIa breast cancer describes a smaller tumor that has spread to the axillary lymph nodes (lymph nodes under the arm), or a medium-sized tumor that has not spread to the axillary lymph nodesStage IIa may also describe cancer in the axillary lymph nodes with no evidence of a tumor in the breastStage IIb breast cancer describes a medium-sized tumor that has spread to the axillary lymph nodesStage IIb may also describe a larger tumor that has not spread to the axillary lymph nodes
20 Stage III Breast Cancer Stage IIIb breast cancer has spread to the chest wall, or caused swelling or ulceration of the breast, or is diagnosed as inflammatory breast cancerStage IIIc breast cancer has spread to distant lymph nodes but has not spread to distant parts of the bodyStage IIIa breast cancer describes any size tumor that has spread to the lymph nodes
21 Stage IV Breast CancerStage IV (metastatic) breast cancer can be any size and has spread to distant sites in the body, usually the bones, lungs or liver, or chest wall
23 Self-Breast Examination If breast cancer is found early, most women can be treated with success. That is why routine breast self-exams, mammography, and checkups by your doctor are vital.By doing a monthly breast self-exam, you learn how your breasts feel. This helps you detect any changes or signs of a problem. All women should do the exam once a month. This includes women whohave gone through menopauseare pregnantare breast-feedinghave breast implants
24 How to Do a Breast Self-Exam The best time to do the breast self-exam is a few days after your period ends each month. Your breasts are less tender or swollen at this time. If you are not having periods, try to do the exam on the same day each month. Some women choose the first day of each month to help them remember. There are two parts to a breast self-exam—looking and feeling.
25 Signs of a ProblemIf you notice any of these symptoms during your breast self- exam, call your doctor:A lumpSwellingSkin irritationDimplingPainNipple retraction (nipple turns in)Redness of nipple or breast skinScaly nipple or breast skinNipple dischargeAny lump should be checked right away. Tests may be needed. In some cases, a biopsy may be done to look at the tissue.
27 Breast ImagingProposed indications for using MRI for screening include:1. Strong family history of breast cancer2. Patients with BRCA-1 or BRCA-2 oncogene mutations3. Evaluation of women with breast implants4. History of previous lumpectomy or breast biopsy surgeries5. Axillary metastasis with an unknown primary tumour6. Very dense or scarred breast tissue