Presentation on theme: "Breast Cancer Nick Settecase, Payton Picone, & Mike Malone."— Presentation transcript:
Breast Cancer Nick Settecase, Payton Picone, & Mike Malone
What is it Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cell of the breast. A malignant tumor is a cluster of cancer cells that grow into surrounding tissue and spreads. Although breast cancer happens more to women, men also have the chance of getting it.
What causes it, is it inherited, environmentally induced Many risk factors can increase your chance of developing breast cancer An example of risk factors are hormones seem to play a role in many cases of breast cancer Breast cancer can be inherited but only 1 in 10 women who have cancer actually inherited it Some environmental induced causes are tobacco, obesity, alcohol and infections
Effects On the Body This cancer can cause changes to the breast's surface. Sometimes the tumor disrupts the ducts leading to the nipple, it can cause a discharge to come from the nipple. Also breast cancer can spread to the bones, liver, or the lungs. This will dysfunction the organs. If it reaches the bones it can cause them to fracture easily. In the lungs, there will be trouble breathing, a cough, and you can develop pneumonia. If it reaches the liver it can cause fatal blood clotting. Lastly, people with breast cancer have extreme fatigue and lack of energy. They may also suffer from nausea, a lack of appetite, and a sudden and unexplained weight loss.
Stages, Outcomes The Stages of Breast Cancer are: Stage 0- there is no evidence of cancer cells or non-cancerous abnormal cells breaking out of the part of the breast in which they started, or getting through to or invading neighboring normal tissue. Stage I- describes invasive breast cancer (cancer cells are breaking through to or invading normal surrounding breast tissue) Stage I is divided into subcategories known as IA and IB. Stage II- Stage II is divided into subcategories known as IIA and IIB.Stage IIA describes no tumor can be found in the breast, but cancer cells are found in the lymph nodes under the arm. Stage IIB the tumor is larger than 2 cm but no larger than 5 cm and has spread to the axillary lymph nodes
Stages, Outcomes continued Stage III- Stage IIIA no tumor is found, but cancer is found in axillary lymph nodes, which are clumped together or sticking to other structures, Stage IIIB the cancer may be any size and has spread to the chest wall and/or skin of the breast and Stage IIIC here may be no sign of cancer in the breast or, if there is a tumor, it may be any size and may have spread to the chest wall and/or the skin of the breast Stage IV- Stage IV describes invasive breast cancer that has spread beyond the breast and nearby lymph nodes to other organs of the body, such as the lungs, distant lymph nodes, skin, bones, liver, or brain TNM Staging System- T stands for tumor, N stands for lymph node involvement and
How is it detected, how do people discover it? The most common symptom of cancer is a lump or mass in the breast area. A lump that is painless, hard, and have irregular edges has a greater chance of being cancer. The lumps can be painful. There are other signs of possible breast cancer including: -swelling of the breast -breast or nipple pain -skin irritation
Treatments Recently there has been an expansion in life saving treatments against breast cancer. Today there is a selection of treatment choices that fight the cells including: Surgery - remove the tumor Radiation - shrink tumors and kill bad cells Hormonal Therapy - using hormones Chemotherapy - treatment with medicines
Cure Recently, there is no cure for breast cancer. However the treatment options can stop the spread of the disease, if it is caught early enough and there is a possibility it can be stopped. At this time there are about 2.9 million breast cancer survivors in the United States. The Breast Cancer Research Foundation is an independent, not- for-profit organization whose mission is to achieve prevention and a cure for breast cancer in our lifetime by providing critical funding for clinical research at leading medical centers worldwide, and also to increase public awareness.
Prevention Breast cancer prevention begins with factors you control. For example: Limit alcohol Control your weight Get plenty of physical activity Avoid exposure to environmental pollution
Support Groups Each support group has the same goal, raise awareness about cancer and possible treatments of it. Groups include: -Cancer Support Community -American Cancer Society -Cancer Care -Touched by Cancer -Cancer Center