3 What is Breast Cancer?Abnormal cell growth in lobes or ducts of breastBreast cells grow out of controlCells clump together forming a mass
4 Breast Mass Most breast masses are not cancerous (benign) Benign masses are not life threateningSome masses are cancerous (malignant)
5 Breast Cancer Risk Factors SexAgeRaceAlcohol consumptionDiet
6 Lifetime Exposure to Estrogen Early menarcheLate menopauseNo pregnancies or 1st child after 30Use of birth control pills or estrogen therapy
7 Breastfeeding for at least 3 months appears to lower the risk of developing breast cancer by 25%.
8 Personal and Family History Have you had breast cancer before?Has your mother, sister or grandmother ever had breast cancer?Have you ever been genetically tested and are said to carry the gene?
9 If you answered “yes” to any of the aforementioned questions you are at greater risk for developing breast cancer!
10 Other possible risk factors ObesityPesticide and other chemical exposureCigarette smokeCharred red meat
11 How do you lower your risk of breast cancer? Eat foods high in fiberEat five or more fruits & vegetables dailyInclude soy in your dietLimit fat intakeLimit alcohol consumption
12 Stay Physically Fit! Exercising 4 times a week decreased risk by 58% Include weight-bearing exercise to build stronger bones
13 Avoid Pesticides! Wash all produce! Peel waxed produce Consider organically grown foods
14 Recognize Symptoms Early! Lump or mass in breast or under armChange in size, shape, or color of the breastBreast thickening, swelling, or tendernessDimples, puckers, or scalesPain or discharge from nipple
15 Breast Cancer Screening Tests Monthly breast self exam (BSE)Examine breasts at same time monthlyBest time is right after your menstrual cycleBecome familiar with breast tissue and appearance
16 Breast Cancer Screening Tests Clinical breast examPart of a physicalConducted by a physician or health care providerRecommended at least every3 years
17 Mammogram X-ray that shows an image of breast tissue Can detect problems that cannot yet be seen or felt with a BSEConducted annually for women over 40
18 Additional Steps:Discuss your risk and family history with your health care providerWomen at a higher risk should discuss screening schedules with a health care provider
19 If you have any warning signs or symptoms, contact your provider immediately!
21 Anatomy of the Prostate Small, walnut-sized glandLocated in front of the rectumPart of the male reproductive systemProduces fluid that mixes with sperm
22 What is Prostate Cancer? Prostate cells grow out of controlCells clump together and form a massMasses can beNon-cancerous (benign)Cancerous (malignant)
23 Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Abnormal growth of benign cells in the prostateCan press against the bladder50% of men in US between ages 60 & 70 have symptoms90% between ages 70 & 90 have symptomsMay or may not have to be treated
24 Prostate Cancer Risk Factors AgeUsually occurs in men over 50Risk goes up with ageAverage age at diagnosis is 70
25 Family HistoryRisk doubles if your father or brother has a history of prostate cancerMales whose mothers or sisters have had breast cancer carry a higher risk
26 Race More common in African American men than Caucasian men Less common in Asian and American Indian men than Caucasian men
27 Other Risk Factors Farming Diet Farmers who sprayed 250 acres or more doubled their riskDietDiets higher in fat may increase susceptibility to prostate cancer
28 How do you lower your risk? Reduce animal fat in dietEspecially red meatIncrease soy consumptionSoy milkTofuStay physically fit!
29 Tomatoes and high fiber diets appear to be protective in nature!
30 Recognize Symptoms Early! Frequent urinationInability or difficulty urinatingWeak or interrupted flow of urinePain or burning while urinatingBlood in urine or semen
31 Other possible symptoms Painful ejaculationFrequent pain or stiffnessBackHipThighsLoss of weight or appetite
32 Prostate Cancer Screening Tests Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)Doctor’s examination with a lubricated fingerRecommended at 50 years oldSooner with a family history
33 Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Blood testChecks level of substance produced by prostrateRecommended at 50 years oldSooner with a family historyTest does have limitations
34 An elevated PSA does not necessarily mean you have cancer!
35 Additional Steps:Discuss your risk and family history with your health care providerMen at a higher risk should discuss screening schedules with a health care provider
36 If you have any warning signs or symptoms, contact your provider immediately!
37 The earlier you detect the cancer the greater chances of successful treatment!