Presentation on theme: "Classicism vs Romanticism"— Presentation transcript:
1 Classicism vs Romanticism Honors American Literature
2 Classicism (Age of Reason) Definition:Believed that reason is the dominating characteristic of both nature and human nature, and both are governed by fixed, unchanging laws
3 Classicism18th C (1700’s)Nature= a self-contained machine, whose laws could be rationally understoodValued clarity, order, balanceImagination had to be restrained by reason and common sense
4 Classicism Upheld tradition Resisted change Human limitations Reason over ImaginationSocial over Personal all emphasizedCommon over Individual by Romanticism
5 Romanticism Definition: Emphasized the emotions, an individual, intuition
6 Romanticism1800 – 1830Imagination gives expression to that which marks each person’s unique beingAll art is the imaginative expression of the inner essence of the individual/claim for individual freedom.
7 RomanticismEmphasized the human potential for social progress and spiritual growthReflected political ideas in Decl. of Ind. “all men are created equal” which led to emphasis of the dignity and worth of the common indiv. and to social reforms to fulfill this ideal of equality
8 Romantic writers tried to express their own intuitive experiences.
9 Common Romantic Subjects NatureThe PastInner World of Human Nature
10 Nature Emphasized beauty, strangeness, mystery of (not rational laws) Saw as an organic process, constantly developing and changingConnection btwn human imagination and the natural world
11 The PastLater Romantic poets used dramatic incidents from early American history
12 Inner World of Human Nature The exploration and expression of the writer’s most private inner being.Belief that this interior world of intense feeling is not ruled by reason.Interested in the irrational depths of human nature.
13 A Quick Comparison Age of Reason Romanticism Reason Imagination Social (society)PersonalCommonIndividual freedomCommon senseIntuitionTraditionSocial reforms, spiritual growth (change)Rational law of natureNature as mysteryHuman limitationsSupernatural
14 ApplicationHow do the 3 common romantic subjects apply to “The Devil and Tom Walker” and The Scarlet Letter?