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American Romanticism Enter imagination.

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Presentation on theme: "American Romanticism Enter imagination."— Presentation transcript:

1 American Romanticism Enter imagination

2 Shift from Classicism to Romanticism
Classicism = the belief that reason dominates nature and human nature & both are ruled by fixed and unchanging laws The United States came together as a nation during this period (Classicism = roughly ) Well known Classicists: Thomas Paine Ben Franklin Patrick Henry

3 ROMANTIC NON-ROMANTIC/CLASSICAL Emotional                       Reasonable and Practical Individualistic                  Public Responsibility Revolutionary Conservative Loves Solitude & Nature   Loves Public, Urban Life Fantasy/Introspection External Reality The Particular The Universal Subjective Perception Objective Science

4 ROMANTIC NON-ROMANTIC/CLASSICAL Right Brain Left Brain Satisfaction of Desire Desire Repressed Organic Mechanical Creative Energy/Power Form Exotic Mundane "Noble Savage"/Outcasts Bourgeois Family Idealist Philosophy Materialist/Empirical Philosophy

5 A Period of Great Cultural Change
Romanticism focused on emotions and the individual Writers in this time period (roughly ) emphasized… Intuition Imagination Human potential for social progress and spiritual growth The Humanitarian Reform was a mark of this time period

6 Well-known Romanticists
Edgar Allan Poe Nathaniel Hawthorne Walt Whitman Herman Melville Washington Irving Harriet Beecher Stowe Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

7 Characteristic Subject: Nature
Nature: beauty, strangeness, & the mystery of nature Washington Irving, author of “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” & “Rip Van Winkle,” explored nature through legend and folklore James Fennimore Cooper (1st major American novelist), author of Last of the Mohicans, explored nature on the frontier He created the 1st national literary hero, Natty Bumppo Edgar Allan Poe explored nature in the depths of his imagination

8 Characteristic Subject: The Past
The Past: rise in nationalism = interest in American past Irving and Cooper deal with the past directly Irving uses legend and folklore as history Cooper wrote about great historical events: Revolution, Indian border wars, & the conquest of the wilderness

9 Characteristic Subject: Inner World of Human Nature
Inner World of Human Nature: emotion, intuition, individual, & exploration of the private inner being William Cullen Bryant (poet) focuses in the inward observations and psychological reactions of people to aspects of life Poe takes exploration of the inner self to great depths

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