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American Romanticism Early 1800s -1865. What Romanticism is NOT!  Despite the name “Romantic”, this literary period DOES NOT deal with sappy love stories.

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Presentation on theme: "American Romanticism Early 1800s -1865. What Romanticism is NOT!  Despite the name “Romantic”, this literary period DOES NOT deal with sappy love stories."— Presentation transcript:

1 American Romanticism Early 1800s -1865

2 What Romanticism is NOT!  Despite the name “Romantic”, this literary period DOES NOT deal with sappy love stories.

3 So…What is Romanticism?  Romanticism is the name of the literary period that followed the Age of Reason (Revolutionary literature)  Writers moved focus away from politics and focused on emotions and imagination  Romanticism is the name of the literary period that followed the Age of Reason (Revolutionary literature)  Writers moved focus away from politics and focused on emotions and imagination

4 Romanticism is N.I.I.C.E  Nature  Individualism  Imagination  Creativity  Emotion and Experience  Nature  Individualism  Imagination  Creativity  Emotion and Experience

5 Nature  Seeking the unspoiled beauty of nature  Rejection of civilization  Believed nature was the pathway to spiritual and moral improvement  Seeking the unspoiled beauty of nature  Rejection of civilization  Believed nature was the pathway to spiritual and moral improvement

6 “Catskill Scenery” by Thomas Cole 1833

7 Individualism  Worth of the individual  Belief of individual freedom  Contrasts with Puritan view of community  Life is unpredictable and short  death is certain…so be yourself!  #YOLO  Worth of the individual  Belief of individual freedom  Contrasts with Puritan view of community  Life is unpredictable and short  death is certain…so be yourself!  #YOLO

8 “Wander above the Sea of Fog” by Casper David Friedrich 1818

9 Imagination  Explore the supernatural  Inspiration in myths and legends  Finds truth in the inner imagination  Values imagination over reality  Explore the supernatural  Inspiration in myths and legends  Finds truth in the inner imagination  Values imagination over reality

10 Creativity  Wrote mostly fiction  Used a lot of rich, figurative language  Poetry is the highest expression of the imagination  Wrote mostly fiction  Used a lot of rich, figurative language  Poetry is the highest expression of the imagination

11 “Youth” by Thomas Cole 1840

12 Emotion and Experience  B elieved that emotion is the BEST teacher  Explored powers of good (life and love) and evil (death and fear)  Intuition is above reason and logic  Looked towards the past for guidance. Distrust of progress  B elieved that emotion is the BEST teacher  Explored powers of good (life and love) and evil (death and fear)  Intuition is above reason and logic  Looked towards the past for guidance. Distrust of progress

13 “Abbey in a Dark Forest” by Casper David Friedrich 1810

14 Satire  Literary device used to ridicule (make fun of) or mock and individual or society by the use of humor, irony and exaggeration  Example Example  Literary device used to ridicule (make fun of) or mock and individual or society by the use of humor, irony and exaggeration  Example Example

15 Washington Irving  Many of his pieces are written as a satire  Wrote many short stories and essays  Became famous for pieces such as “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”  Many of his pieces are written as a satire  Wrote many short stories and essays  Became famous for pieces such as “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”

16 W. Irving Continued  Set his writings in an American setting  Characterized by American stereotypes  Battered husband  Nagging wife  Uses a funny tone but has a serious underlying (hidden) message  Set his writings in an American setting  Characterized by American stereotypes  Battered husband  Nagging wife  Uses a funny tone but has a serious underlying (hidden) message

17 The Devil and Tom Walker  The story's plot is based on a very famous German legend about a man called Faust, who makes a deal with the Devil in order to gain knowledge and wealth.  The story if set up as an old legend, with witnesses who have passed the story down over the years giving it some validity for his audience.  The story's plot is based on a very famous German legend about a man called Faust, who makes a deal with the Devil in order to gain knowledge and wealth.  The story if set up as an old legend, with witnesses who have passed the story down over the years giving it some validity for his audience.


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