2 What Romanticism is NOT! Despite the name “Romantic”, this literary period DOES NOT deal with sappy love stories.
3 So…What is Romanticism? Romanticism is the name of the literary period that followed the Age of Reason (Revolutionary literature)Writers moved focus away from politics and focused on emotions and imaginationWhat was “The Age of Reason”What does it mean to use “reason and logic”What was the Revolutionary period of the United States?
4 Romanticism is N.I.I.C.E Nature Individualism Imagination Creativity Emotion and Experience
5 Nature Seeking the unspoiled beauty of nature Rejection of civilizationBelieved nature was the pathway to spiritual and moral improvement-What does it mean to reject civilization?-Can someone remind me what moral means?
6 “Catskill Scenery” by Thomas Cole 1833 Takes 30 seconds and just look at this painting?Tell your partner what you see?What do we see?Point on cut down trees, saw mill invasion of civilization into unspoiled nature
7 Individualism Worth of the individual Belief of individual freedom Contrasts with Puritan view of communityLife is unpredictable and short death is certain…so be yourself!#YOLOIndividual freedom? Sounds like American Revolution ideal!What is Puritan view of community?
8 “Wander above the Sea of Fog” by Casper David Friedrich 1818Look at picture for 30 seconds?What do we see?How does this reflect Romanticism?
9 Imagination Explore the supernatural Inspiration in myths and legends Finds truth in the inner imaginationValues imagination over realityWhat is “supernatural? Definition: outside the laws of science and nature. ParanormalWhat is reality?
10 Creativity Wrote mostly fiction Used a lot of rich, figurative languagePoetry is the highest expression of the imaginationWhat is fiction?
11 “Youth” by Thomas Cole1840Part of a serious showing birth through deathHow does this reflect imagination and creativity?
12 Emotion and Experience Believed that emotion is the BEST teacherExplored powers of good (life and love) and evil (death and fear)Intuition is above reason and logicLooked towards the past for guidance. Distrust of progressWhat is intuition? Definition: something you know by instinct. Ex: mother’s intuitionWhy would they distrust progress?
13 “Abbey in a Dark Forest” by Casper David Friedrich 1810
14 SatireLiterary device used to ridicule (make fun of) or mock and individual or society by the use of humor, irony and exaggerationExample
15 Washington Irving Many of his pieces are written as a satire Wrote many short stories and essaysBecame famous for pieces such as “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”What is satire?
16 W. Irving Continued Set his writings in an American setting Characterized by American stereotypesBattered husbandNagging wifeUses a funny tone but has a serious underlying (hidden) messageWhat is nagging?
17 The Devil and Tom Walker The story's plot is based on a very famous German legend about a man called Faust , who makes a deal with the Devil in order to gain knowledge and wealth.The story if set up as an old legend, with witnesses who have passed the story down over the years giving it some validity for his audience.