2 Gen. Toussaint Louverture ( ), son of the king of Arrada (Benin), captured in war and sold into slavery. Leader of the Haitian Revolution
3 Jean-Jacques Dessalines (1758-1806), later named himself Emperor Jacques I of Haiti
4 Nat Turner ( ) led a slave rebellion that resulted in the death of 60 whites and 100 blacks (+ 56 executed and 200 lynched)
5 Olaudah Equiano](c – 31 March 1797), African slave who after buying his freedom got involved in the British movement for the abolition of slavery. His autobiography, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano (1789), influenced the enactment of the Slave Trade Act of 1807.
6 Frederick Douglass ( ) Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave (1845) The Slave Hero (1853), on Madison Washington the instigator of the revolt aboard the Creole (1841)
7 William Edward Burghardt Du Bois ( ), historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist: “The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color-line” (1900, at the Pan African Conference in Paris)
8 Aimé Césaire, Martinique, , Poeta surrealista, uomo politico comunista, autore tra l’altro di Discours sur le colonialisme (1950), Une tempête (1968)
9 Frantz Fanon (1925-1961), Peau noire, masques blancs (1952), Les Damnés de la terre (1961)
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