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Slavery to Abolition. Black People in Virginia  1619 first African in Virginia  1625 23 black indentured servants in VA, working with white indentured.

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Presentation on theme: "Slavery to Abolition. Black People in Virginia  1619 first African in Virginia  1625 23 black indentured servants in VA, working with white indentured."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slavery to Abolition

2 Black People in Virginia  1619 first African in Virginia  black indentured servants in VA, working with white indentured servants  blacks  1682 slaves and servants differentiated  1700 about 1,000 brought to VA yearly  1705 Slave Codes

3 1700s  Transformation from servants to slaves  Major growth in slave population, especially in 1720s and 1730s  Britain - the major slave trading country  By 1781, 575,000 slaves in US of total population of 3.5 million

4 Early 1800s  1804 – slavery abolished in northern states  Commerce in north depended heavily on institution of slavery  1808 legal ban on importation of slaves

5 1830  12.8 million Americans  2 million slaves  Held by 25% of white southerners  88% of slave owners had 20 or fewer  319,000 free people of color, half in south

6 Slave Rebellions  Resistance inspired by slave revolts in Haiti  1800 Gabriel Prosser marched on Richmond with a force of 1,000, but was betrayed  1822 Denmark Vesey organized a failed rebellion in Charleston involving some 9,000.  1831 Nat Turner and conspirators killed 60 in Virginia before seized

7 Underground Railroad  Thousands of slaves escaped from south during 1800s before Civil War  Abolitionists, including free blacks and whites assisted in creating & sustaining Underground Railroad

8 Harriet Tubman

9  Key Underground Railroad figure  In 1849 escaped from slavery in Maryland  Returned 19 times to bring back more than 300  Bounty for her capture exceeded $40,000  Created a home for the elderly in New York after emancipation

10 Abolition Activities  1830 – rise of underground railway  1831 The Liberator W.L. Garrison  1833 American Anti-Slavery Society  1851 Publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin (300,000 sold)  1854 Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

11 Frederick Douglass

12  Escaped slavery in 1838  Joined abolitionists on lecture circuit as compelling speaker  Published North Star  Active in Underground Railroad in Rochester


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