Photography = Capturing Light Best Light Sources and Directions Basics: Aperture, Shutter Speed, ISO, Focal Length, White Balance Intro to Canon SLR: Modes, Exposure, Auto-Focus, Lenses, External Flash Post-Processing with Windows Live Photo Gallery Post-Processing with Photoshop
Finding the right balance between Aperture, Shutter Speed, and ISO… Each one has trade offs. ISO Sensitivity to Light Aperture How wide the lens opens Shutter Speed How long the lens is open
Wide Aperture, f/2.0 Lets in more light. Allows for faster shutter speed. Less shaky. Good for poor light. Blurry background (shallow depth of field). Small Aperture, f/22 Lets in less light. Requires slow shutter speed. More shaky. Good for bright light. Everything is in focus (deep depth of field).
Fast Shutter Speed, 1/60+ Lets in less light. Freezes action. Less blurry. Requires wide aperture or high ISO. Slow Shutter Speed, 2 sec Lets in more light. Motion is blurred. Longer than 1/50-ish requires tripod.
Low ISO, 400 and lower Low sensitivity. Requires slow shutter speed. Requires wide aperture. No noise. High ISO, 1600 and higher High sensitivity. Allows faster shutter speed. Allows low aperture. Noise, especially in dark spots.
Short Focal Length (Wide Angle), 18mm Zoomed out. Looks like fisheye. Straight lines curve at edges. Allows bigger aperture with kit lens. Shows more background. Deeper depth of field (less blurry bg) Long Focal Length (Telephoto), 55mm Zoomed in. Good for portraits because less distortion. Allows smaller aperture with kit lens. Shows less background. Shallow depth of field (more blurry bg)
1.Use wide aperture (as low of an f/number as possible, such as f/1.8). 2.Use longer focal length (zoomed in). 3.Keep subject as close to camera as possible. 4.Keep background as far from subject as possible.
Warm White Balance Whites look Orange Cool White Balance Whites look Blue I recommend leaving this on Auto and fix on the computer…
Full Automatic: Camera does it all. P, Program: Control ISO. Camera handles Aperture and Shutter Speed. Tv, Shutter Speed Priority: Control Shutter Speed and ISO. Camera handles Aperture. Av, Aperture Priority: Control Aperture and ISO. Camera handles Shutter Speed. Manual: Control everything: Aperture, Shutter Speed, ISO. Still get an exposure meter when you focus.
$190 http://www.amazon.com/Canon-EF-S-18-55mm-3-5-5-6- II/dp/B000V5K3FG/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1359834385&sr=8- 1&keywords=is+canon+kit+lens18-55 Kit Lens, 18-55mm, f/3.5-5.6: Comes with the camera. Good all purpose lens. $110 http://www.amazon.com/Canon-50mm-1-8-Camera- Lens/dp/B00007E7JU/ref=sr_1_1?s=electronics&ie=UTF8&qid=135 9834473&sr=1-1&keywords=canon+50mm+1.8+lens 50mm, f/1.8: Great aperture. Can’t zoom in or out. Good for portraits.
$1,000 http://www.amazon.com/Canon-EF-S-17-55mm-Lens- Cameras/dp/B000EW8074/ref=sr_1_14?s=electronics&ie=UTF8&qi d=1359834679&sr=1-14&keywords=canon+l+series An expensive lens. 17-55mm, f/2.8: Similar to kit lens except has f/2.8 aperture throughout. $2,300 http://www.amazon.com/Canon-24-70mm-2-8L-Standard- Zoom/dp/B0076BNK30/ref=sr_1_9?s=electronics&ie=UTF8&qid=13 59834766&sr=1-9&keywords=canon+l+series An expensive lens. 24-70mm, f/2.8: Similar to kit lens except has f/2.8 aperture throughout and a little more zoom. Also is EFS.
EF-S: Cameras are cheaper than $2000-ish. Have a smaller sensor. Crop what comes in the lens by 1.8. EF: Full frame. Cameras cost $2000+. Big sensor. Professional. Get more in the image, effectively having a bigger picture and wider angle on EVERY focal length.