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Electrical Circuits

Drawing Circuits 1) A cell, a bulb and a switch “in series” 2) A battery of cells, a switch and two bulbs in series

Measuring electric current We can measure the amount of electric current flowing through a circuit using a device called an “ammeter”. A

Current in a series circuit If the current here is 2 amps… The current here will be… And the current here will be… In other words, the current in a series circuit is THE SAME at any point

Changing the current If a battery is added the current will ________ because there is a greater _____ on the electrons If a bulb is added the current will _______ because there is greater ________ in the circuit

Parallel circuits A parallel circuit is one where the current has a “choice of routes”:

Current in a parallel circuit A PARALLEL circuit is one where the current has a “choice of routes” Here comes the current… And the rest will go down here… Half of the current will go down here (assuming the bulbs are the same)…

Current in a parallel circuit If the current here is 6 amps The current here will be… And the current here will be…

Advantages of parallel circuits… There are two main reasons why parallel circuits are used more commonly than series circuits: 1)Extra appliances (like bulbs) can be added without affecting the output of the others 2)If one appliance breaks it won’t affect the others either

Wiring a plug Earth wire Neutral wire Insulation Live wire Fuse 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Cable grip

Fuses Fuses are _______ devices. If there is a fault in an appliance which causes the ____ and neutral (or earth) wire to cross then a ______ current will flow through the _____ and cause it to _____. This will break the _______ and protect the appliance and user from further _____. Words – large, harm, safety, melt, live, circuit, fuse

Model of a Simple Circuit

Two Cells in Circuit

Model of Series Circuits

Model of Parallel Circuits

Steam Power Station

Energy Lost in Power Stations

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