2 Fascism and Nazism Totalitarian Benito “Il Duce” Mussolini Controls ItalyThe BlackshirtsBecomes DictatorInvades EthiopiaAdolf Hitler Rules GermanyHitler joins National Socialist German Worker’s Party (Nazis Party)Attempted to take over Germany in 1923Mein Kampf (“My Struggle”)Blamed Jews for Germany’s problemsEncouraged increase in militaryAryan raceDer Fuhrer (“the leader”)Nazi party gains strength during the Great DepressionHitler become dictator
3 Europe Goes to War German troops move into the Rhineland Axis Powers – Germany and ItalyThe German Empire GrowsMarch 1938, Austria annexedSudetenlandMunich ConferenceFrance and Britain’s appeasementCzechoslovakiaSoviet UnionPolandSeptember 1, 1939 – Hitler invades PolandBritain and France declare war on Germany
4 Europe Goes to War (cont.) Blitzkrieg (“lighting war”)Hitler takes Poland in less than a monthStalin takes half of Poland for the Soviet UnionSitzkrieg (“sit-down war”)French build up the Maginot LineApril 9, 1940 – Hitler attacks Denmark and NorwayMay 10 – Germany attacks Netherlands, Belgium, and FranceTake’s Paris on June 14, 1940The Battle of BritainLuftwaffe vs. Royal Air Force (RAF)June 1940 – June 1941
5 Japan Japan Builds and Empire Begins to take over China and other parts of Asia during the 1930’s and early 1940’s1931 takes ManchuriaTripartite PactJapan joins Axis Powers1941 – separate peace with Soviet Union
6 The American Response FDR moves Pacific fleet to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii America Remains NeutralIsolationismNeutrality Acts – “cash and carry”American Involvement GrowsSelective Service ActRoosevelt wins third termLend-Lease Act
7 Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor U.S. warns Japan about further movements in AsiaDecember 7, 1941 – “a date which will live in infamy”U.S. declares war on JapanU.S. enters World War IIGermany and Italy declare war on the U.S.