2External Sex OrgansVulva/Pudendum – entire female region of external sex organsMons VenerisProtective, fatty cushion over the pubic boneCovered with pubic hairLabia MajoraOuter lips;Tissue folds from mons to perineum surrounding the rest of the female genitalsEngorge with blood if excited
3All shapes, colors, and sizes! Some caveats on anatomical drawings…
4The external genital structures of the mature female.
5External Sex Organs Labia Minora Clitoris Inner lips; pink tissue folds between vestibule and labia majoraNo hair; many oil glands;Darken if sexually arousedClitorisSmall cylindrical erectile tissue beneath the prepuceRich in blood supply and nerve endings;Solely to provide sexual pleasure, primarily via indirect stimulation
6THE EXTERNAL GENITAL STRUCTURES OF THE MATURE FEMALE.
7The Underlying Structures of the Vulva Pubic boneClitoral hoodGlans of clitorisCrura of clitorisGlans of clitorisUrethral openingCaption: The underlying structures of the vulva.Vestibular bulbsLower pubic boneBartholins glandVaginal opening
8External Sex OrgansVESTIBULERegion between the labia minoraUrethral and vaginal openings, Bartholin’s glands ducts
9Between clitoris and vagina External Sex OrgansURETHRAL MEATUSBetween clitoris and vagina
10Between anus and vagina External Sex OrgansPERINEUMBetween anus and vagina
11VAGINA Internal Sex Organs 4 inch, thin-walled from the introitus to the cervix, tilted back;Organ of intercourse and canal for menses and babies
12VAGINA Internal Sex Organs Lubricant secreted from vaginal wall openings when engorged;First 1/3 contains many nerve endings,Inner 2/3 has little nerves
13Internal Sex OrgansVAGINAL LUBRICATIONLubrication changes vaginal pH (↑alkaline) and increases pleasureVasocongestion – Engorgement of blood vessels
14INTERNAL SEX ORGANSGrafenberg Spot (G-spot) –spot in the lower third of anterior vaginal wall (2-3 inches up), just past the pubic boneSensitive areaAnalogous to the prostate gland
15Cervix – Internal Sex Organs At bottom of the uterus; Doughnut-shaped Secretes mucus to help or impede sperm, depending on the monthly cycle
16THE FEMALE INTERNAL REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM (SIDE VIEW).
17Internal Sex Organs UTERUS – 1-inch thick walls Between the bladder and rectumProtects fetusContractions to expel menses and fetus3 inches long, 2 inches wide
18Internal Sex OrgansFALLOPIAN TUBES OVARIES – form of an almond shell; contain 250,000 ova each; produce estrogen!
19Other Sex OrgansAny area can be arousing depending on:the type of stimulation andthe perceptions of the recipient
20OTHER SEX ORGANSBREASTS– modified sweat glands that produce milk; fatty tissue,NIPPLE, AREOLASucking stimulates pituitary gland to release prolactin (begin milk synthesis) and oxytocin (release of milk)
22Female Puberty Begins anywhere from 8 to 17 years of age Earlier onset of menstruation may be due to being overweight; can vary by population
23Female Puberty Puberty lasts about 3 to 5 years Begins when pituitary gland initiates release of FSH and LH, which increases the ovaries production of estrogenIncreased size of Fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, breasts, buttocks, thighs
24Female PubertyPelvis widensPubic hair growsDuring puberty (usually 11 or 12 years), ovulation commencesMenarche occurs during this time as well
27Menopause A woman’s final menstrual period Climacteric – period of decreased estrogen production and menstruation stops; years, average 51 yearsTypically have irregular cycles, rather than a sudden stopSexual glands decrease in sizeSecondary sex characteristics change
28MenopauseHormonal changes – hot flashes, headaches, sleep disturbancesSexual complaintsMenopause can be induced by surgically removing the ovaries; doctors try to keep at least one in if surgery is necessary