Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 3 FEMALE SEXUAL ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY. EXTERNAL SEX ORGANS Vulva/Pudendum – entire female region of external sex organs Mons Veneris Protective,"— Presentation transcript:
CHAPTER 3 FEMALE SEXUAL ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
EXTERNAL SEX ORGANS Vulva/Pudendum – entire female region of external sex organs Mons Veneris Protective, fatty cushion over the pubic bone Covered with pubic hair Labia Majora Outer lips; Tissue folds from mons to perineum surrounding the rest of the female genitals Engorge with blood if excited
ALL SHAPES, COLORS, AND SIZES! Some caveats on anatomical drawings…
The external genital structures of the mature female.
EXTERNAL SEX ORGANS Labia Minora Inner lips; pink tissue folds between vestibule and labia majora No hair; many oil glands; Darken if sexually aroused Clitoris Small cylindrical erectile tissue beneath the prepuce Rich in blood supply and nerve endings; Solely to provide sexual pleasure, primarily via indirect stimulation
THE EXTERNAL GENITAL STRUCTURES OF THE MATURE FEMALE.
THE UNDERLYING STRUCTURES OF THE VULVA Glans of clitoris Urethral opening Vaginal opening Bartholins gland Lower pubic bone Vestibular bulbs Crura of clitoris Clitoral hood Pubic bone
EXTERNAL SEX ORGANS VESTIBULE Region between the labia minora Urethral and vaginal openings, Bartholin’s glands ducts
EXTERNAL SEX ORGANS URETHRAL MEATUS Between clitoris and vagina
EXTERNAL SEX ORGANS PERINEUM Between anus and vagina
INTERNAL SEX ORGANS VAGINA 4 inch, thin-walled from the introitus to the cervix, tilted back; Organ of intercourse and canal for menses and babies
INTERNAL SEX ORGANS VAGINA Lubricant secreted from vaginal wall openings when engorged; First 1/3 contains many nerve endings, Inner 2/3 has little nerves
INTERNAL SEX ORGANS VAGINAL LUBRICATION Lubrication changes vaginal pH (↑alkaline) and increases pleasure Vasocongestion – Engorgement of blood vessels
Grafenberg Spot (G-spot) –spot in the lower third of anterior vaginal wall (2-3 inches up), just past the pubic bone Sensitive area Analogous to the prostate gland INTERNAL SEX ORGANS
Cervix – At bottom of the uterus; Doughnut-shaped Secretes mucus to help or impede sperm, depending on the monthly cycle
THE FEMALE INTERNAL REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM (SIDE VIEW).
INTERNAL SEX ORGANS UTERUS – 1-inch thick walls Between the bladder and rectum Protects fetus Contractions to expel menses and fetus 3 inches long, 2 inches wide
INTERNAL SEX ORGANS FALLOPIAN TUBES OVARIES – form of an almond shell; contain 250,000 ova each; produce estrogen!
OTHER SEX ORGANS Any area can be arousing depending on: the type of stimulation and the perceptions of the recipient
BREASTS– modified sweat glands that produce milk; fatty tissue, NIPPLE, AREOLA Sucking stimulates pituitary gland to release prolactin (begin milk synthesis) and oxytocin (release of milk) OTHER SEX ORGANS
THE FEMALE MATURATION CYCLE 1.Female Puberty 2.Menstruation 3.Menopause
FEMALE PUBERTY Begins anywhere from 8 to 17 years of age Earlier onset of menstruation may be due to being overweight; can vary by population
Puberty lasts about 3 to 5 years Begins when pituitary gland initiates release of FSH and LH, which increases the ovaries production of estrogen Increased size of Fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, breasts, buttocks, thighs FEMALE PUBERTY
Pelvis widens Pubic hair grows During puberty (usually 11 or 12 years), ovulation commences Menarche occurs during this time as well
CHANGES DURING THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE
The cycle of female hormones.
MENOPAUSE A woman’s final menstrual period Climacteric – period of decreased estrogen production and menstruation stops; years, average 51 years Typically have irregular cycles, rather than a sudden stop Sexual glands decrease in size Secondary sex characteristics change
MENOPAUSE Hormonal changes – hot flashes, headaches, sleep disturbances Sexual complaints Menopause can be induced by surgically removing the ovaries; doctors try to keep at least one in if surgery is necessary