Presentation on theme: "Separation of Powers Checks and Balances"— Presentation transcript:
1 Separation of Powers Checks and Balances How do these principles of democracy protect the people?
2 Separation of PowersDividing different powers among three branches of governmentPrevents one branch from gaining too much powerLegislative, Judicial, and Executive branches have their own unique powers
4 AnalysisWhy is it important to separate the powers of the government? Think about the other principles of democracy…
5 Checks and BalancesPowers each branch has that allows them to check up on the other branchesPrevents branches from abusing their powersPreserves the separation of powersRequires cooperation between the branches of government
6 Legislative Branch (House and Senate) Can override a presidential vetoCan impeach and remove the presidentRatifies presidential appointmentsAuthorizes/appropriates funds for legislationChecks on the judiciaryCan impeach and remove judgesConfirms federal judges
7 Executive Branch (President and Cabinet) Proposes legislation (laws)Vetoes legislation (laws)Makes treaties w/ foreign countriesChecks on the judiciaryAppoints federal judgesEnforces court decisions
8 Judicial Branch (Supreme Court and Lower Courts) Reviews executive decisionsChecks on CongressReviews congressional lawsJudicial Review (executive and legislative)Supreme Court Justices appointed for life
11 Analysis What are some problems with the checks and balances system? The Constitution is vague in some parts of these powers. How can this cause a problem for each branch?How does this system promote cooperation between the branches of government?Which branch has the most power? Why?