T YPES OF P ROBLEM S ENTENCES 1. Sentence fragments 2. Run- on sentences 3. Comma Splice sentences
S ENTENCE F RAGMENTS Ex#1 - Since he came to the field. Ex #2 - Laughing in the park. A ____________________is when part of the sentence is _________. The _______________________is left out. sentence fragment missingsubject or predicate Add words to fix this: We played soccer since he came to the field. Add words to fix this: While we played soccer we were laughing in the park.
SENTENCE FRAGMENT PRACTICE 1.When the bus came. 2.My best work. 3.After the bell rings. 4.Ate at the picnic. 5.During the Christmas holiday. 6.For the prize. CORRECT each sentence fragment by ADDING MORE WORDS - either a subject or a predicate. Don’t forget the punctuation.
R UN - O N S ENTENCES A ______________is when _____sentences or independent clauses are put together without correct ___________. It’s like two sentences had a wreck! Ex #1 - Carmen loved traveling in Italy she felt Rome was too hot. Ex #2 - The icicles were melting they dripped into the bucket below. run-on sentence two punctuation On your paper, copy the examples and highlight or underline the two sentences in different colors.
R UN - O N S ENTENCES Ex #1 - Carmen loved traveling in Italy she felt Rome was too hot. Ex #2 - The icicles were melting they dripped into the bucket below. How can you fix this sentence wreck?? Separate the two sentences. Add a period and capitalize the next word. Corrected - Carmen loved traveling in Italy. She felt Rome was too hot. Corrected - The icicles were melting. They dripped into the bucket below.
RUN-ON SENTENCE PRACTICE 1.Math is hard Spelling is easy. 2.I am late the clock stopped working. 3.I eat chicken I don’t eat brussel sprouts. 4.The baby cooed he cried. 5.The cake takes 1 cup of flour it takes ½ cup of sugar. CORRECT each run-on sentence BY ADDING PUNCTUATION AND CAPITALS.
C OMMA S PLICE S ENTENCE A _______________sentence occurs when a writer uses a _______to “splice” or _____together two sentences (independent clauses), or two independent thoughts. Ex #1 - I went to the store, I saw a man standing on the corner. Ex #2 - It takes five apples to make an apple pie, it takes ten to make applesauce. comma splice joincomma
TWO WAYS TO FIX A COMMA SPLICE 1. Separate the independent clauses by some form of _________________________. My aunt lives in the country, her house is very big. punctuation other than a comma. Ex #1 - My aunt lives in the country. Her house is very big. Ex #2 - My aunt lives in the country; her house is very big.
TWO WAYS TO FIX A COMMA SPLICE 2. Join the independent clauses with a _______________________ and a comma. coordinating conjunction (and/but) - Dogs have large canine teeth, mice have large molars. Ex #1 - Dogs have large canine teeth, but mice have large molars. Ex #2 - Dogs have large canine teeth, and mice have large molars.
COMMA-SPLICE PRACTICE 1.I went to school, I went home. 2.My best friend is Sara, I love her very much. 3.Mike wears blue, Joe wears red. 4.It takes 20 minutes to drive to work, You can walk to school. 5.Susie loves gum, She hates candy. CORRECT each comma-splice sentence BY SEPARATING THE TWO SENTENCES OR ADDING AN EXTRA WORD LIKE BUT OR AND. Don’t forget the punctuation.
SENTENCE PROBLEM QUIZ 1.The train was late I was late for work. 2.My best friend. 3.Mike wears blue, Joe wears red. 4.After the swimming party. 5.The rabbit hopped the snake slinked. Do not write the sentences. Tell what kind of problem (Fragment/Run-On/Comma Splice) is shown in each sentence.