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To write or draw with light Why do people take Photographs?

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Presentation on theme: "To write or draw with light Why do people take Photographs?"— Presentation transcript:


2 To write or draw with light

3 Why do people take Photographs?

4 Camera Parts Digital camera captures the photo with electronic imaging sensor Lens Flash Shutter Button LCD Screen Camera Body

5 Camera Parts iPhone: To quickly open Camera when iPhone is locked, swipe up. Camera Lens Flash

6 Exposure Triangle Exposure: amount of light captured by the camera. Aperture + Shutter Speed + ISO = Exposure Triangle The aperture and shutter speed together control the total amount of light reaching the sensor. Aperture: small, circular opening inside the camera lens controls amount of light reaching the sensor Shutter Speed: how long its shutter stays open as the picture is taken. ISO: measurement of a camera’s sensitivity to light.

7 Shutter & Aperture

8 Technical Terms Pixel – Short for Picture Element, a pixel is a single point in a graphic image Megapixel = 1 million pixels

9 Technical Terms Resolution = number of pixels in an image Is it better to have more or less pixels? PPI – Pixels Per Inch

10 Photo Types DOCUMENTARY Alfred Stieglitz, The Steerage, 1907 Alfred Stieglitz, The Terminal, 1892

11 DOCUMENTARY Charles C. Ebbets, Lunch atop a Skyscraper, 1932

12 EXPRESSIVE Communicating an emotion Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother Patrick Farrell, Untitled

13 EXPRESSIVE William Klein, Gun #1

14 LANDSCAPE Ansel Adams, Tetons and the Snake River the natural environment.

15 LANDSCAPE the natural environment. Eddie Soloway

16 ORGANIC SHAPE shapes based on natural objects such as trees, mountains, leaves, etc… Ansel Adams, Roots Eddie Soloway

17 ABSTRACT emphasizes formal elements (line, shape, etc.) rather than specific, recognizable objects Eddie Soloway

18 PORTRAITURE to capture the personality of the subject or group of subjects on film. Posed Candid

19 Where the horizontal and vertical lines intersect makes an ideal location for the more important parts of your picture. By locating your main subject at one of the four intersections you give the subject more emphasis than if it was right smack in the middle of the picture.

20 Visual Elements Line Space Texture Repetition Shape Value Color Light Composition Balance Contrast Central Focus Background Angle (vantage Point) Framing Setting

21 Lighting Ambient Light natural light Artificial Light electrical light Joe McNally

22 Texture: if you could touch the surface of the photograph how would it feel? How do the objects in the picture look like they would feel? Light: what areas of the photograph are most highlighted? Are there any shadows? Does the photograph allow you to guess the time of day? Is the light natural or artificial? Harsh or soft? Reflected or direct? Visual Elements

23 Line: are there objects in the photograph that act as lines? Are they straight, curvy, thin, thick? Do the lines create direction in the photograph? Do they outline? Do the lines show movement or energy? Space: is there depth to the photograph or does it seem shallow? What creates this appearance? Are there important negative spaces in addition to positive spaces? Is there depth created by spatial illusions?

24 Focus: what areas appear clearest or sharpest in the photograph? What do not? Repetition: are there any objects, shapes or lines which repeat and create a pattern?

25 Shape: do you see geometric or organic shapes? What are they Value: is there a range of tones from dark to light? Where is the darkest value? Where is the lightest?

26 Composition of the Photograph Angle: the vantage point from which the photograph was taken; generally used when discussing a photograph taken from an unusual or exaggerated vantage point. Background: the part of a scene or picture that is or seems to be toward the back.

27 Balance: the distribution of visual elements in a photograph. Symmetrical balance distributes visual elements evenly in an image. Asymmetrical balance is found when visual elements are not evenly distributed in an image Central focus: (focal point); the objects(s) which appears most prominently and/or most clearly focused in a photograph. Balance: the distribution of visual elements in a photograph. Asymmetrical balance is found when visual elements are not evenly distributed in an image.

28 Contrast: strong visual differences between light and dark, varying textures, sizes, etc. Vantage point: the place from which a photographer takes a photograph.

29 Framing: what the photographer has placed within the boundaries of the photograph.

30 High Front Light (Sunlight) When it comes to the direction of light, there are 360 degrees of possibilities. When the light isn't working for you, change it by moving your position, your subject's position, or the light itself, if possible. Front LightSide LightBack Light Lighting can make or break your photo

31 Photo Tips Fill Flash Flash Off

32 Photo Tips Good Better ZOOM IN

33 Photo Tips FOCUS

34 Photo Tips Format and Orientation


36 Watch for mergers Simplify the scene Fill the frame Space to move Photo Tips







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