Presentation on theme: "Understanding the Importance of Prostate Health Middle aged men"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding the Importance of Prostate Health Middle aged men Time can be on your side…….By: Dominique DiVece
2 What is your Prostate Gland? Your prostate is a small gland that is a big as a walnut.Primary function is to produce fluid that nourishes and transports semen for ejaculation.Your prostate grows a lot during puberty and stays around the same size until age 40 when it begins to slowly grow again and doesn’t stop!Most men are not bothered by their growing prostate however, some are.
3 Warning Sign That there is a Problem Frequent urge to urinateBlood in urine or semenPainful or burning urinationDifficulty urinatingDifficulty having an erection
4 Continued warning signs Painful ejaculationFrequent pain or stiffness in lower backInability to urinateDribbling of the urine
5 Seek Medical Attention Consulting with your doctor may be embarrassing but it can save your life !If symptoms arise meet with your doctor ASAPProstate check around 50 years old
6 What to expect…. Digital rectal Exam (DRE) Blood Test (PSA) painless QuickChecks the surface of the prostateBlood Test (PSA)more effectiveFinds cancer the DRE may not detect
7 Four Major Prostate Diseases Acute ProstatitisChronic ProstatitisBenign prostatic hyperplasiaProstate Cancer
8 Acute Prostatitis The inflammation of the prostate cause by infection Symptoms:ChillsFeverPain in lower backPain between legsPainful urination
9 How to cure Acute Prostatitis The doctor will prescribe you antibiotics to help cure your infection Doctor may also suggest that you drink a lot of fluids
10 Chronic Prostatitis Infection continues to return Most common ProstatitisSymptoms may be milder but last longerCan be hard to treatAnitbiotics may or may not work depending on what causes the infectionWarm baths may help with painClears up its self
11 Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) Enlarged Prostate Starts in men at age 30 however symtoms don’t show until around age 50Prostate gland grows in size and presses on the urethraWhich can cause urine to back up in the bladder
12 Symptoms of BHP Blood in the urine Feeling as through bladder has not fully emptied after urinationFrequent urination especially at nightDecrease in force of urine steamPushing or straining to begin urine flowRecurrent, sudden, or urgent need to urinate.
13 Is there a cure for BPHThere is no cure for BPH once prostate growth has started it normally continues unless medical therapy is started
14 Prostate CancerOne of the most common types of cancer among American men!
15 What is prostate Cancer?? A tumor that consist of cells from the prostate glandGrows slowly confined to the gland for yearsHowever the spread of it is possible if detection is not found early
17 What causes it and what are the risk factors? There is no specific cause of prostate cancerRisk factors include:- advancing age-genetics-hormonal influences- environmental factors-toxins-chemicals-industrial products
18 Symptoms of Prostate Cancer Early stages of CancerNot apparentFound in blood testTumor detected through DREUrine flow diminishesBurning with urinationBlood in urinePainful obstruction of the bladderLater stages of Cancer
19 How is cancer Diagnosed If blood test and the rectal exam are both abnormal a biopsy of the prostate would be takenThey take samples of two different types of tissue on the prostate.Pathologist then grade each tissue on a scale of 1-5 Called Gleason score
20 Intermediate aggressiveness Scale Is based on microscopic characteristics of the cancerous cells and reflects how aggressive the tumor isGleason Scores2-4 LowSlow Growing5-6 IntermediateIntermediate aggressiveness7-10 HighRapidly growing tumor
21 Treatment Options Watchful waiting radical prostatectomy The treatment options depends on your age, health status and whether or not the tumor has spread!Watchful waitingradical prostatectomyexternal (beam) radiation therapyinternal radiation therapyHormone therapy
22 Watchful WaitingIf you choose the watchful waiting option you are basically doing just that… you are monitoring your cancer and waiting for the tumor to get bigger.If the tumor gets bigger than you can decide what action to take from there
23 Risk Factors and Statistics 35% of men have some accidental leakage of urine during heavy lifting coughing or laughing.if your under 50 your chances of erectile dysfunction are slimmer then if your 70 and over.Incontinence (loss of bladder control)Impotence (loss of the ability to get or maintain an erection)However each of these of problems improves with time
24 radical prostatectomy This option is for those who are young and in good healthThe most certain treatment if all the cancer is removed during surgery than you are cured.Doctor is able to see easily if cancer has spread due to near by lymph nodes that are taken out during surgery.
25 external (beam) radiation therapy given to patient through a machine that resembles an x-ray machineTakes about 10 minutes a day for 5 days a week for 6-8 weeksno anesthesiaSide effects of this treatment are mildLow occurrence of urinary side effects2% of men that take part in this procedure experience severe incontinence
26 Internal Radiation Therapy must go under anathemaSmall rice like radioactive seeds are implanted into the prostateInserted in the skin between the scrotum and the anusTest are taken before procedure that tell the doctors exactly where to implant the radioactive seedsSeeds give of levels of radiationMen are advised to stay away from small children and pregnant women depending on the level of radiation given of
27 Hormone Therapy Reduce androgens in the body Androgens in the testes stimulate cancer to growLower levels make the tumor shrinkMany types of hormone therapy if surgery and radiation are not possible.