Presentation on theme: "Basic Climate Change Science, Human Response and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Prepared for the National Workshop."— Presentation transcript:
1 Basic Climate Change Science, Human Response and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)Prepared for the National Workshop on Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism (CD4CDM)26-27 March 2003, Sunway Hotel, Phnom Penhby Mr. Chea Chan Thou,Member of the National Technical Committee for Climate ChangesUmGKuNcMeBaH Ék]tþmEdlpþl;»kaleGay xJMú)aTeLIgeFVIbTbgðaj.sUmeKarB Ék]tþm Gs;elak elakRsI ePJovCati nigGnþrCati. xJMú)aTeQµaH Ss‘¿u FI CaCMnYykarGñksMrbsMrYlKMeragkarERbRbYlGakasGatuenAkm<úCa.bTbgðajrbs;xMJú enAkñúgsikçasalaenH KWsþIBI } emIl cMNgeCIg} .
2 Content of the Presentation I. Greenhouse EffectII. Climate Change ImpactsIII. Human Response and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)IV. Cambodia’s Activities Related to Climate ChangeV. SummarybTbgðajrbs;xJMú)aTenAeBlenHman 3cMnucsMxan;²cMnucTI 1 KWsþIBI bBaaðénkarERbRbYlGakasFatu nig kareqøIytbrbs;mnusS cMeBaHkarERbRbYlGakasFatu. EdlrYmman TsSn³TUeTAénkareqøIytbeTAnwgkarERbRbYlGakasFatuenaelIqakGnþrCati. GnusBaØaénkarERbRbYlGakasFatu . snñisiTénbNþaRbeTsEdlCasmaCik.cMNucTI2 xMJú)aTsUmbgðajBIKMeragkarERbRbYlGakasFatuenAkm<úCa EdlkñúgenaHepþateTAelI Bt¾manCamUld§anrbs;KMerag TisedArbs;KMerag karvaytMélCaTUeTAeTAelIKMerag smiT§plEdlKMeragGnuvtþ)an nigbBaaøEdlCYbRbTHenAeBlGnuvtþKMerag.cMNucTI 3 skmµPaB nigKMeragbnþEdl)anesñIreLIg .
3 I. Greenhouse Effect (1)Greenhouse effect is a natural geophysical process, it allows us to exist on earthThe gases known as greenhouse gases are naturally found in the atmosphere are: water, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen oxide, ozone, and cloroflurocarbonsThese gases trap heat close to the earth’s surfaceWithout the greenhouse effect, the earth’s surface temperature would be –180oCThe natural greenhouse effect warms the temperature of the atmosphere to 15 oC at the Earth’s surfaceThis natural warming allows water to exist on the Earth’s surface, the basis of life supports
5 I. Greenhouse Effect (3)Emissions from human activities are increasing the concentration of atmospheric GHGsEnhanced greenhouse effect occurs due to atmospheric buildup of GHGs that are released by human activitiesThe main sources of GHG emissions are:Burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas)Mining activitiesIndustrial activitiesFood production activitiesBurning and exploiting forestsLand use changeWaste management
9 III. Human Response and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (1) The First World Climate Conference recognized climate change as a serious problem in 1979A number of intergovernmental conferences focusing on climate change were held in the late 1980s and early 1990sIn 1990 IPCC (Panel of 2,500 scientists) released its first assessment report concluding thatClimate change is real and human activities are contributingsniñsiT sþIBIGakasFatuBiPBelakelIkTImYy enAqñaM 1979 )ancat;TukkarERbRbYlGakasFatu faCabBaðaeRKaHfñak;mYy.sniñsiTGnþrrdæaPi)almYycMnYnEdlepþateTAelI karERbRbYlGakasFatuRtUv )aneFVIeLIgcugTsSvtqñaM !(*0 nigedImTsSvtqñaM !((0.enAqñaM !((0 RkumRbwkSaGnþrrdæaPi)al TTYlbnÞúkkarERbRbYlGakasFatu )anecjpSayr)aykarvaytMélCaelIkdMbUg (First Assessment Report)enAEx FñÚ qñaM !((0 CMunYbkMBUlrbs;GgÁkarshRbCaCati )anGnumti nUvkarcab;epþImcrcarsiT§isBaØa .
12 III. Human Response and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (4) Both developed and developing countries accepted a number of general commitments:National communications containing inventory of greenhouse gas emissions and sinksClimate change mitigation national programsStrategies for adapting to climate changePromote technology transfer and the sustainable management, conservation, and enhancement of sinksTake climate change into account in their relevant policiesCooperate in scientific, technical and education mattersPromote education, public awareness, and exchange of information related to climate change.
13 III. Human Response and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (5)
14 Industrialized countries undertake several other specific commitments III. Human Response and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (6)Industrialized countries undertake several other specific commitmentsThe richest countries shall provide “new and additional resources” and facilitate technology transferA financial mechanism provides funds on a grant basis
15 IV. Cambodia’s Activities Related to Climate Change (1) Cambodia ratified the UNFCCC on 18 December 1995, and the UNFCCC entered into force on 17 March 1996In August 1998, Cambodia and UNDP/GEF signed the project document named “Enabling Cambodia to Prepare its First National Communication in response to the UNFCCC (Cambodia’s Climate Change Enabling Activity Project: CCEAP)CCEAP is the first climate change-related project implemented in Cambodia with the aim of preparation of the first National CommunicationThe Ministry of Environment is the National Focal Point of the UNFCCC and the implementing agency of the CCEAP
16 IV. Cambodia’s Activities Related to Climate Change (2) The project has produced a number of significant outputs:National GHG inventory for 1994;GHGs mitigation analysis in energy and transport, land use- land use change and forestry, and agriculture sector;Vulnerability and adaptation assessment to climate change in Cambodia;Cambodia’s Initial National Communication;Improvement of activity data and emission factors for forestry sector in Cambodia;Assessment of GHGs mitigation technologies in Cambodia; andEstablishment of the project website:
17 V. SummaryHuman activities are increasing the concentration of GHGs in the atmosphereThe increase of GHG concentration will lead to unprecedented increase in average global temperatureRising temperature are predicted to lead to disruptions in climate patterns, have adverse impacts on food supply, fresh water resources, human health, coastal areas, species and natural areasThe international community has worked together to create an agreement on how to address climate change known as the UNFCCCThe Convention is a United Nations agreement to stabilize greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, at a level that would prevent dangerous changes to the climateTo date, 186 countries have ratified the climate change convention, including CambodiaThe Kyoto Protocol is the first concrete step toward cutting GHG emissions