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UNFCCC secretariat, Information Services Kevin Grose, Coordinator The UNFCCC and its linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology.

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Presentation on theme: "UNFCCC secretariat, Information Services Kevin Grose, Coordinator The UNFCCC and its linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNFCCC secretariat, Information Services Kevin Grose, Coordinator The UNFCCC and its linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector

2 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Foundation of global efforts to combat climate change a)Opened for signature in 1992 at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, entered into force on 21 March 1994 b)Currently has near universal membership with 194 Parties Objective is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system Focus of action is on mitigation: a)Limiting or reducing anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by sources b)Preserving or enhancing sinks and reservoirs of GHGs 1. UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE (UNFCCC)

3 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Common but differentiated responsibilities of governments (developed and developing countries) Precautionary principle to encourage proactive response to the causes of climate change Full consideration for developing country needs and circumstances Importance of sustainable development, supported by an open international economic system 2. PRINCIPLES

4 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Annex I Parties – largely the developed countries Non-Annex I Parties – largely the developing countries a)Categorization based on the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities b)Developed country Parties required to take the lead c)The specific needs and special circumstances of developing country Parties to be given full consideration 3. GROUPING OF PARTIES UNDER THE CONVENTION

5 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Adopted by Parties in 1997, entered into force in 2005 Supplements and strengthens the Convention, building upon and enhancing many of the commitments already in place Groups countries in the same way as the Convention 4. THE KYOTO PROTOCOL

6 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Key to the Kyoto Protocol is the commitment for developed countries: a)ensure that their aggregate anthropogenic CO2 equivalent emissions of the greenhouse gases do not exceed their assigned amounts as set out in the Protocol b)objective to reduce overall emissions by at least 5 % below 1990 levels in the first commitment period 2008 to 2012 If a Party fails to meet its emission target, it must make up the difference, plus 30 per cent, in the second commitment period. 5. CORE COMMITMENT

7 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Taking steps to improve the quality of emissions data Formulating and implementing national mitigation and adaptation programs, focused on these sectors: Energy Transport Industry Promoting environmentally sound technology transfer Cooperating in scientific and technical research and promoting systematic climate observation systems Support actions to assist developing country Parties address the adverse effects of climate change and response measures 6. OTHER IMPORTANT COMMITMENTS Agriculture Forestry and land use Waste management

8 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Designed to boost the cost-effectiveness of climate change mitigation and assist Annex I Parties that cannot meet their targets: a)Joint implementation b)Clean development mechanism Focus on providing support to developing countries with private sector investment c)Emissions trading The creation of the carbon market 7. FLEXIBILITY MECHANISMS

9 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Conference of the Parties Includes the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol a)Subsidiary Body on Implementation b)Subsidiary Body on Science and Technological Advice c)Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol d)Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention e)Other convention and protocol bodies 8. UNFCCC INTERGOVERNMENTAL STRUCTURE

10 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Supports negotiations and the work of the Parties Prepares documentation Assists in the creation of guidelines and standards for reporting, including review Serves as regulatory body for the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Liaison and support to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC and UNEP/WMO) Assists in coordination with the main implementing organizations Global Environment Facility (GEF) (Financial mechanism) UNDP UNEP UNITAR 9. UNFCCC SECRETARIAT

11 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector The ICT sector can contribute to the global UNFCCC process in many ways, among them: a)Mitigation actions to reduce the carbon footprint of the ICT sector, as well as promotion of climate-friendly ICTs in other sectors b)Contributing to and aligning emissions accounting standards and practices c)Finding the right roles for the ICT sector to support technology transfer to further sustainable development in the climate change context and in Millennium Development Goal 8(f) d)Partnering with governments, UN and NGOs to further action on adaptation Working at national, corporate and international levels 10. HOW CAN THE ICT SECTOR CONTRIBUTE TO THE UNFCCC?

12 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Continue on-going work to introduce energy efficient technologies and practice across the ICT sector, and the promotion of such smart technologies to other sectors. Seek opportunities to support the transfer of these technologies and supporting best practice to developing countries. For example: Proposed ITU pilot training project for the Ghana National Environmental Protection Agency and Vodafone Ghana to bring government and the private sector together to introduce energy efficient technologies and to further the implementation of national climate change adaptations actions 11. MINIMIZE THE CARBON FOOTPRINT OF THE ICT SECTOR

13 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Under the UNFCCC, governments have prioritized the focus of mitigation action and accounting on: Energy, Transport, Industry, Agriculture, Forestry and land use, Waste management ICT sector is cross-cutting and can contribute internationally and nationally: ITU and UNFCCC secretariat began in 2010 to discuss relationships between standards and guidelines set under the Convention, and relevant standards set under the ITU. ICT sector may also look nationally with UNFCCC focal points to understand national context and standards for reporting and how they may contribute. Continue work to formalize standards related to energy efficiency, supply and performance as well as environmental impacts of ICTs. 12. Contributing to and aligning emissions accounting standards and practice

14 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector The UNFCCC encourages a: Country-driven, integrated approach, at a national and sectoral level to further technology transfer. Promotes contributions from the private sector, governments, the donor community, bilateral and multilateral institutions, non-governmental organizations and academic and research institutions. 13. Finding the right roles for the ICT sector to support technology transfer for sustainable development

15 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Five areas of action for technology transfer may be explored: a)Contributing to technology needs and needs assessments at national level b)Supporting a global technology information exchange system c)Providing advice, sharing information and expertise d)Contributing to capacity-building e)Exploring participation in the proposed Technology Mechanism and its Climate Technology Centre and Network that will be discussed at the upcoming UN Climate Change Conference in Cancún in late November 2010

16 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector UNFCCC Nairobi Work Programme seeks to: a)Enhance capacity at international, regional, national, sectoral and local levels to further identify adaptation responses, and implement practical and effective adaptation actions b)Enhance development, dissemination and use of knowledge from practical adaptation activities c)Enhance cooperation among government, business, civil society 14. Partnering with governments, UN and NGOs to further action on adaptation

17 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector ICT sector has opportunity to build on its networks to improve communication and access to information in support of adaptation. a)ITU has become a Partner in 2010 and may now make action pledges. b)Possible examples of the types of actions are: Projects like mWomen with GMSA Foundation and Cherie Blaire Foundation to provide women in developing countries with mobile phones to improve their lives and further sustainable development. Or use such mobile technologies to provide farmers with weather information or early warning in case of disasters.

18 Linkages and opportunities for the information and communication technology (ICT) sector Working at national, corporate and international levels to support action on climate change


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