Presentation on theme: "WWII Begins September 1, 1939 – Germany invades Poland Non-Aggression Pact Hitler & Stalin agree to invade Poland and not to attack each other."— Presentation transcript:
WWII Begins September 1, 1939 – Germany invades Poland Non-Aggression Pact Hitler & Stalin agree to invade Poland and not to attack each other
December 8, 1941 America Joins WWII Japan?Germany? Which enemy should the US first concentrate their resources on? Why?
Big Three: Agree that Germany is the bigger threat Joseph Stalin (U.S.S.R) asks for U.S. and England to invade Northern Europe Churchill thinks they do not have the resources for such an attack. U.S. – Franklin D Roosevelt Great Britain- Winston Churchill Soviet Union – Joseph Stalin
July 1942 Allies invade North Africa Patton vs. Rommel –Tanks become important part of combat Stalin not happy –Why?
War in the Soviet Union Hitler invades all the way to Stalingrad and Moscow(pg.431) –Kills much of the population along the way Of the almost 50 million people killed in WWII almost half were from the Soviet Union –Half of those were civilians –Battle of Leningrad est. 1.6 – 2 Million Dead Early 1942 Stalin begins to push Germans back
AxisMilitaryCivilianTotal Germany3,500,00700,0004,200,000 Japan2,000,000350,0002,350,000 Romania300,000160,000460,000 Hungary140,000290,000430,000 Italy330,00080,000410,000 Other Nations312,000106,000418,000 AlliedMilitaryCivilianTotal Soviet Union10,000,000 20,000,000 China2,500,0007,500,00010,000,000 Poland100,0005,700,0005,800,000 Yugoslavia300,0001,400,0001,700,000 France250,000350,000600,000 Czechoslovakia200,000215,000415,000 United States400,0000 Great Britain326,00062,000388,000 Other Nations199,000465,000664,000 Est. Total Deaths20,858,00027,372,00048,231,000
Operation Overlord Invasion of Northern Europe becomes priority in early 1943 General Dwight D. Eisenhower put in charge of Allied Forces in Europe. 2 Million U.S Soldiers based on Southern England
Operation Overlord in Actions (D-Day) June 6, 1944 – July 25, st Invasion –150,000 soldiers –1500 Tanks –5300 Ships –12000 Aircraft –24000 Airborne Troops Over 400,000 people killed in battle
Germany caught between 2 fronts Allied bombing from Western front –Berlin 25,000 killed –Dresden 60,000 killed Soviet invasion from Eastern front –June – Sept. 1944: 1.3 Million German soldiers killed.
Hitlers last chance Battle of the Bulge (Dec ) –Sends bulk of troops into Belgium –Attempting to: Split Allied troops Cut off supplies –Allied troops vastly outnumbered and trapped by speed. –Jan Allies push back and win
Allied forces invade Germany Soviet Union takes Berlin from the east Allied forces invade from the West Meet at Elbe River Results: –April 29, 1944 Hitler commits suicide –Germany soon signs peace May 7, 1945: V-E Day (Victory in Europe) –Troops learn about the Holocaust