Presentation on theme: "WWII Begins September 1, 1939 – Germany invades Poland"— Presentation transcript:
1WWII Begins September 1, 1939 – Germany invades Poland Non-Aggression PactHitler & Stalin agree to invade Poland and not to attack each other
2December 8, 1941 America Joins WWII Which enemy should the US first concentrate their resources on? Why?Japan?Germany?
3Big Three: U.S. – Franklin D Roosevelt Great Britain- Winston ChurchillSoviet Union – Joseph StalinAgree that Germany is the bigger threatJoseph Stalin (U.S.S.R) asks for U.S. and England to invade Northern EuropeChurchill thinks they do not have the resources for such an attack.
4July 1942 Allies invade North Africa Patton vs. RommelTanks become important part of combatStalin not happyWhy?
5War in the Soviet UnionHitler invades all the way to Stalingrad and Moscow(pg.431)Kills much of the population along the wayOf the almost 50 million people killed in WWII almost half were from the Soviet UnionHalf of those were civiliansBattle of Leningrad est. 1.6 – 2 Million DeadEarly 1942 Stalin begins to push Germans back
6AxisMilitaryCivilianTotalGermany3,500,00700,0004,200,000Japan2,000,000350,0002,350,000Romania300,000160,000460,000Hungary140,000290,000430,000Italy330,00080,000410,000Other Nations312,000106,000418,000AlliedSoviet Union10,000,00020,000,000China2,500,0007,500,000Poland100,0005,700,0005,800,000Yugoslavia1,400,0001,700,000France250,000600,000Czechoslovakia200,000215,000415,000United States400,000Great Britain326,00062,000388,000199,000465,000664,000Est. Total Deaths20,858,00027,372,00048,231,000
7Operation OverlordInvasion of Northern Europe becomes priority in early 1943General Dwight D. Eisenhower put in charge of Allied Forces in Europe.2 Million U.S Soldiers based on Southern England
8Operation Overlord in Actions (D-Day) June 6, 1944 – July 25, 1944 1st Invasion150,000 soldiers1500 Tanks5300 Ships12000 Aircraft24000 Airborne TroopsOver 400,000 people killed in battle
9Germany caught between 2 fronts Allied bombing from Western frontBerlin 25,000 killedDresden 60,000 killedSoviet invasion from Eastern frontJune – Sept. 1944: 1.3 Million German soldiers killed.
10Hitlers last chance Battle of the Bulge (Dec. 16 1944) Sends bulk of troops into BelgiumAttempting to:Split Allied troopsCut off suppliesAllied troops vastly outnumbered and trapped by speed.Jan Allies push back and win
11Allied forces invade Germany Soviet Union takes Berlin from the eastAllied forces invade from the WestMeet at Elbe RiverResults:April 29, 1944 Hitler commits suicideGermany soon signs peaceMay 7, 1945: V-E Day (Victory in Europe)Troops learn about the Holocaust