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India’s Water Crisis El Niño, Monsoon, and Indian Ocean Oscillation.

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Presentation on theme: "India’s Water Crisis El Niño, Monsoon, and Indian Ocean Oscillation."— Presentation transcript:

1 India’s Water Crisis El Niño, Monsoon, and Indian Ocean Oscillation

2 Introduction: India and its Water Management Crisis Man-made Crisis Overpumping – lack of law managing the extraction of groundwater Crumbling Infrastructure – storage crunch Population Growth Pollution – Industrial Waste, Rivers as Sewage System Global Warming – chaotic weather pattern

3 El Niño & Monsoon El Niño – warm phase in Eastern Pacific Ocean Far reaching impacts, for example on Indian Monsoon

4 Monsoon Monsoon – seasonal shift in airflows Wet summers Dry winters

5 El Nino’s Effects on the Indian Water Crisis Basic Level El Nino (warm event) leads to eastward shift of Walker Circulation -> dry conditions over India -> weaker monsoon -> drought La Nina (cold event) leads to westward shift of Walker circulation -> wet conditions over India -> stronger monsoon -> flood Deeper Level K. Krishna Kumar, et. al. - “Unraveling the Mystery of the Indian Monsoon Failure During El Nino” - 2006 Investigates why severe droughts in India are always accompanied by El Nino events, but El Nino does not always produce severe droughts Ultimately determines that strength and position of Walker Circulation branches are related to El Nino warming and that location of sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly is what affects monsoon failure or success

6 Indian Ocean Oscillation ENSO variability influences extreme events occuring in Indian Ocean Ocean atmosphere coupling -> ENSO- Asian Monsoon interaction Indian Ocean Dipole Mode event -> induces unusual circulation/ rainfall over India Net Effect: Disruptive floods in some areas, droughts in others

7 Policy Recommendations Create Economic Incentive to Stop Pollution Invest in Water Harvesting & Storage Structures Inter-Basin Water Transfer Education

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