2 VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATIONPRIMARY EDUCATIONBASIC EDUCATIONWe are here☺VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAININGSECONDARY EDUCATIONHIGHER EDUCATIONADULT EDUCATIONAnd here
3 Pre-school education 0-6(7) PurposeThe purpose of non-formal education is to help a child satisfy his inherent,cultural, as well as ethnical, social and cognitive needs. Eligible studentsPre-school education is provided to children from 0 to 6(7) years of age, i.e.until they enrol in pre-primary education class or the first grade of generaleducation. Pre-school education in Lithuania is not compulsory and providedupon parents request. However, the national legislation provide cases wherepre-school education is compulsory. ProvidersPre-school education is provided within the family, and upon parents(guardians) request – in pre-school education establishments. Pre-school education maybe also provided by general education schools, freelance teachers or other educationalservice providers.Lithuania has state, municipality and non-state, i.e. private pre-schools.
4 Pre-primary education 6(5)-7(6) PurposePre-primary education is a one-year long non-formal education programme aimed toprepare a child for primary school. Pre-primary education is not compulsory and may be chosenindependently.Eligible studentsChildren are admitted to pre-primary groups as of six years of age. In exceptional cases, uponproving the maturity of a child, five year old children may also be accepted to the pre-primarygroups. ProvidersPre-primary education is organized in a form of pre-primary groups. Schools may implement theprogramme in different ways (depending on duration, time, number of participants, and etc.). ThePre-primary education may be implemented by the pre-primary education establishments, generaleducation schools, freelance teachers or other educational institutions according to establishedprocedures.
5 Primary education 7(6)-10 Purpose Primary education programmes are designed to educate anactive and creative child, provide him with rudimentaryliteracy, social, cognitive, informational and operational skillsand the foundations of shared values, as well as to prepare achild for studying under basic education programme.Eligible studentsA child starts attending the first grade in the calendar yearwhen he attains the age of seven. Upon parents’ request,primary education may be provided at an earlier age providedthat the child has achieved sufficient maturity. ProvidersChild parents (guardians) have the right to choose theacceptable primary education institution. Priority is given tochildren residing within the territory covered by the school. Ifthe educational establishment has vacancies, a child may beaccepted independent of his/her residence.
6 Basic education 10(11)-16(17)Purpose The purpose of basic education is to provide an individual with basics of moral, socio-cultural and civic maturity, general academic literacy and the basics of technological literacy, as well as to develop national consciousness, the ability to achieve and make decisions, to choose and continue learning. Provision Children are accepted to state and municipality basic education schools under the principle of territoriality, i.e. priority is given to children residing within the territory covered by the school. If the school has vacancies, a child may be accepted upon parents request independently of his/her residence. Organization Basic education is divided into two stages: the period of the first four years (grades 5-8) and the period of the last two years (grades 9-10). The second stage may include vocational training modules. Basic education may be also combined with musical, artistic, sport or other education. Students are divided into classes of up to 30 children. The class is supervised and the cooperation between teachers and children’s parents is coordinated by the classroom teacher. Courses of the curriculum are taught by individual teachers.
7 Secondary education 16-18 Eligible students 11-12 grades (2 years) Secondary education is provided for students whohave acquired basic education, i.e. those having basic education certificate. Students who havepreviously studied abroad are accepted to secondaryeducation institutions according to special procedures. PurposeThis level of education helps a student to acquire general academic, socio-cultural andtechnological literacy, moral, national and civic maturity, as well as the basics ofprofessional competence.ProvisionSecondary education is provided by state, municipality or private general education, vocational andother schools. Children are usually accepted to state and municipality secondary educationestablishments under the principle of territoriality based on the place of residence. AssessmentStudents’ achievements during the school year are evaluated in ten-point grading system. Upon completion ofsecondary education programme, 12th grade students take school leavingexaminations. The latter may be oftwo types:national-level – organized on the national level; evaluation based upon a 100-point grading system;School-level – organized on school level; evaluation based upon a ten-point grading system.Upon completion of secondary education programme and successful school-leavingexaminations,students are awarded maturity certificate. In case of unsuccessful or incomplete compulsoryexaminations students are awarded certificate attesting to learning achievements.
8 Vocational education and training (from 14) PurposeThe purpose of vocational education and training is to help andindividual to obtain, change or improve vocational qualificationand to help him settle and compete in the changing workenvironment.Eligible studentsInitial vocational training is provided for individuals who are at least 14 years old. Respectivevocational training programmes are offered for individuals who have not yet acquired basiceducation, those who have basic or secondary education, and those who have studied underspecial education programmes.Continuing vocational education is provided for individuals who have already acquired vocationalqualification.OrganizationSchool-based vocational training is organized in schools providing theoretical and practicaltraining. Practical training may be organised both in school and a workplace under vocationaltraining agreements with enterprises, institutions, organisations, farms or implemented byfreelance teachers.
9 Higher education 18 years and older PurposeThe purpose of higher education studies is to help an individual to achieve modernlevel of knowledge and technologies, obtain higher education qualificationcorresponding to economy needs, and to prepare for active professional, social andcultural activity. Higher education studies are universal.Eligible studentsHigher education is provided for individuals who have at least secondary education andare able to study individually.Programmes and degreesStudies at higher education institutions are carried outaccording to degree or non degree programmes.Thereare two types of study programmes: university or college.Degree studies consist of three cycles: professional bachelor’s(college studies) orbachelor’s(university studies)master’s (university studies)doctoral (university studies)
10 Adult education 18 years and older PurposeThe purpose of adult education is enable an individual to acquire general(primary, basic, secondary) education under formal educationprogrammes (formal adult education) or to improve the already acquiredqualification and gain additional competences through various non-formaleducation programmes (non-formal adult education).Eligible studentsAll adults from 18 years old.ProvisionAdults may study under formal educationprogrammes in general education schoolsfor adults, or in special classes of generaleducation schools. Non formal adulteducation may be provided by non-formaleducationinstitutions, general and higher education schools.
11 Special needs PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION PRIMARY EDUCATION BASIC EDUCATION SECONDARY EDUCATIONSpecial needschildren may receiveeducation in regularschools or specialschool educationestablishments.