3 The story of Acts begins with Jesus’ appearances over a course of forty days after his resurrection. The disciples are told to remain in Jerusalem until they receive the power of the Holy SpiritJerusalem was thought as the place to which salvation came.
4 Divisions in Acts Part 1 Part 2 It’s All About Paul The Early Church in JerusalemJesus’ AscensionApostles waitMatthias replaces JudasPentecostApostles are empoweredPreaching of PeterHealing and good works of ApostlesSharing of possessionsStephen is martyredPhilip interprets the BiblePeter accepts gentilesCouncil of JerusalemIt’s All About PaulA zealous anti-ChristianExperiences Conversion (part 1)
5 Acts Scholars prefer the designation of: Acts of Peter and Paul The author gave not title to this bookBut later church writers dubbed it“Acts”In the sense of deedsTwo major figuresPaulIs prominent in seventeen chaps.is only twice called an apostlePeterIs prominent in nine or ten chaps.Scholars prefer the designation of: Acts of Peter and Paul
6 Author The author is Luke Acts is also dedicated to “Theophilus” Who is reminded of the basic content of the first volume of the work“all that Jesus did and taught from the beginning until the day when he was taken up to heaven.
7 Date: The same information used to date the Gospel of Luke applies to the Book of Acts 85 C. E.The church structure/hierarchy in the Book of Acts is not highly developed.Date
8 Audience A Gentile audience that converted to Judaism They see themselves as JewsFollow Jewish traditionsWorship at Jewish synagoguesAudience
9 SourcesUnlike the Synoptics (4 Source Theory), the Book of Acts draws upon its own or borrowed traditions that are not traceable.The Book of Acts stands alone as the first “history” of the Church
10 General Themes in the Book of Acts Acts picks up after the death and resurrection of JesusActs recounts the large-scale conversions to Christianity after the death of JesusActs recounts the miraculous deeds of the ApostlesActs recounts the conversion of the apostle Paul and his missionary activity (compare to the letters of Paul)General Themes in the Book of Acts
11 Acts in Relation to the Gospel of Luke Acts is the second volume of a two-volume work (Luke/Acts) that were meant to be circulated togetherBoth Luke and Acts are written to the same recipient (Theophilus)Although circulated together, Luke and Acts represent two differing types of literature:1. The Gospel of Luke- life of Jesus2. Acts, in contrast, sketches the history of the Church after the death of JesusFor the Gospel, the ascension visibly terminates the activity of Jesus on earth; for Acts, it will prepare the apostles to be witnesses to him to the ends of the earth.
12 Early Christianity : A Movement within Judaism The WayA term used to describe those who were followers of ChristAlways thought of themselves as Jews following the Messiah as the prophets foretoldAffirmed the promise of the MessiahForetold by the prophetsRecognized Jesus as that MessiahDid not reject the Law or the prophets or the history of the Israelites.
13 Acts: after the crucifixion The disciples were afraid after Jesus’ crucifixionThey might be crucified, tooWhy did he die – was it all for nothing?The risen Jesus reassured the disciples that death had not wonHe promised he would come againBut the disciples did not know what to do, what was nextHiding or executionWhere would they get the courage to preach the Good News?.....
14 Theme in Acts: Pentecost 10 days after the Ascension, the disciples gathered for Shavuot (Jewish Pentecost)Shavuot celebrates the giving of the Commandments to Moses at Mt. SinaiResult of experienceMoses experiences God directly10 Commandments + all other commandments = 613Jews had a renewed identity of being God’s people, whom God had released from bondage and would reclaim Canaan
15 Pentecost Back to the disciples: They are celebrating Shavuot when, suddenly:A violent wind blew through the roomTongues of fire appeared above their headsAll were filled with the Holy SpiritAll began to speak other languages (in tongues)The disciples experienced first hand the power of God – Holy Spirit
16 The coming of the Holy Spirit Result of this experienceKnew that God was calling them to a special mission: to preach the KofGWere no longer afraid of persecution or death.Renewed their identity as followers of Jesus – The WayEvent known as the Birthday of Church
17 Shortly after Pentecost it is said that 3000 peoplewere baptizedPeter led the Baptismsmaking Peter a central figure in the eyes of Jesus’ followers.Even though they were baptized, they still saw themselves as “Jews”.Worshipped in temple, synagogue, and homes