Presentation on theme: "What happened after Jesus Ascended into heaven? Rather than go out to spread the Good News that Jesus had risen from the dead, the Apostles locked themselves."— Presentation transcript:
What happened after Jesus Ascended into heaven? Rather than go out to spread the Good News that Jesus had risen from the dead, the Apostles locked themselves in a room for fear that they might be crucified like Jesus.
However, on the feast of Pentecost – the Apostles were hiding together in a room, when a mighty wind swept around the building. Then the Holy Spirit appeared in form of tongues of fire. They were filled with all the gifts of the Spirit – including courage and wisdom. Pentecost
Peter preaches in the temple This gave the apostles courage enough to go out and start preaching the Good News to those who were in Jerusalem for the Feast of Pentecost. Peter went to the Temple to preach and all heard his words in their own language.
First preaching of the good news On the Day of Pentecost, the apostles baptised 3000 people and the Church began. Soon Peter and John were preaching in other areas of Palestine, such as Samaria, and Damascus, in Syria. But the apostles still believed they were Jews. The difference was that they preached the Messiah had come - in the form of Jesus.
Saul the persecutor The Apostles and new followers were persecuted by the Jewish priests and Pharisees, because they believed this new sect was a threat to their relations with Rome. One of these Pharisees who arrested and imprisoned the believers was a man called Saul. He was present when the first notable believer, Stephen, was stoned to death. Saul watching the stoning of Stephen
Saul becomes Paul However, on the way to Damascus, where he was to arrest many believers, Saul was struck blind by God. Jesus spoke to Saul, urging him to change his ways and become a believer. After Saul was healed of his blindness, he was baptised. Some years after, he began to preach the Good News and changed his name to Paul.
The beginning of Christianity By the year 70, the believers had become known as Christians for two main reasons: -The Romans destroyed the centre of the Jewish faith, the Temple of Jerusalem, and sparked a crisis in the Jewish religion. They refused to accept any Christians. -The Christians had begun to preach to non-Jews, the Gentiles, breaking with Jewish tradition
The European church There were many Missionaries in this time. The greatest were Peter and Paul. After the destruction of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, the European communities founded by the missionaries became more important Eventually, the centre of the Church moved to Rome, the capital of the Empire. The Ruins of the Roman Forum (city-square)
The martyrs Many Roman Emperors, such as Nero, Trajan and Domitian tried to exterminate the Christians. Christians were cruelly put to death in the Colosseum. However, this only strengthened the Christians to continue preaching the Good News. Those who gave their lives were called martyrs.
Constantine By the early 4 th century, the Church had grown considerably, but was still only a small sect in the Roman Empire. However, in the year 312, the tribune Constantine had a vision before a major battle that he would win it under the sign of the Cross. After a successful battle, he became Emperor of Rome and made Christianity the religion of the State. Ancient Roman coin showing the Emperor Constantine
1.As a result of Constantines laws, Christianity became the major religion of the Western world. 2.From Rome, the Bishop (now known as the Pope) sent out missionaries to preach the Good News to people in pagan countries, such as England, France and Germany. Rome and Christianity St Augustine, who preached The Good News to the English
Christianity in the Middle Ages 1.By the Middle Ages, Christianity was the most powerful force in Europe. 2.It had survived the Dark Ages because of the work of the monasteries. 3.Monks had worked to reproduce many thousands of Bibles and religious books, copying them by hand. The Abbots house in the monastery of Cluny, France. At one time, it was the largest monastery in the world
Missions to the New World When European countries such as Spain and Portugal began to establish colonies in the New World, Christianity also spread. Spain and Portugal sent missionaries to South and Central America and to Asia. The British colonies in North America and the Pacific, such as Australia and New Zealand, became Protestant Christians. Catholics from Ireland and Scotland also settled in these colonies. The French also sent missions to Canada, Africa and Asia. Mexico City Cathedral - Note the Spanish influence