Maya Technology Advanced in mathematics and astronomy World's most accurate until this century. Could predict solar and lunar eclipses. The pyramid was used as a calendar: four stairways, each with 91 steps and a platform at the top, making a total of 365, equivalent to the number of days in a calendar year.
Agriculture The basis of the culture was farming, which included not only the cultivation of maize, beans, squash, and chili peppers, but also "cash crops" of cotton and cacao.
Mayan Economy Participated in long distance trade with many of the Mesoamerican cultures Farmers transported their cocoa beans to market by canoe or in large baskets strapped to their backs, Wealthy merchants traveled further, employing porters, as there were no horses, pack animals or wheeled carts in Central America at that time. Merchants and those surrounding trade become a middle class.
Religion Polytheistic The most revered deities (Gods) were: – Itzamna and Ix Chel, father and mother of all other gods – Chac - the rain god
The God of Wisdom & Learning Quetzalcoatl: The God of Wisdom & Learning
Social Roles Men’s Roles – Produce/grow food – Military training – Religious training Women’s roles – Process food to make edible – Weaving/textiles – Child rearing – Religious training
Downfall Insufficient food supply, earthquakes, pestilence, invasion by outsiders, internal rebellion or a combination of these factors have all been suggested as possible causes for the fall of the Mayan eminence. What appears certain is that by 900 AD the Maya's numerous ceremonial centers had been abandoned.