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What makes a civilization “advanced”?Think Pair Share: What makes a civilization “advanced”?
The Mayan CivilizationWhen? 200 BC-AD 900
Where? Yucatan Peninsula. Southern Mexico into Northern Central America
Olmecs Gulf Coast 1200 B.C. – 400 B.C. Influenced MayanOlmec Tree of Life
Classical Mayan Period250 A.D. – 900 A.D Important Cities Tikal Copan Palenque Uxmal Chichen Itza
Mayan Cities Independent city-states Pyramids Temples PalacesStone Carvings Ball Courts Tens of thousands of people
Linked Through Trade Alliances & Trade networksSalt, Flint, Feathers, Shells, Honey Cotton textiles Jade ornaments
Mesoamerican AgricultureMaize Beans Squash Chilies Cocoa
Farming Practices Slash-and-burn Hilltop terracing
Trading Huge Production Social Classes Wealth
Priests, Leading WarriorsGod-King NOBLES Priests, Leading Warriors MERCHANTS & SPECIALIZED KNOWLEDGE Master Artisans PEASANTS
Religion Ruled Life: A God for EverythingColors Directions Weather Holidays Birth / Death Days Corn, Cocoa All Revealed in Calendar Carved effigy of the rain god Chac.
Religious Rituals Offerings Incense Blood Human SacrificesPiercing Human Sacrifices cenote Why? Balance, Ultimate offering
Amazing Feats Mathematics Astronomy Calendar
Mayan Calendar 260-day religious calendar 365-day solar calendarBased on OBSERVATION Planets, sun, moon MATHEMATICS Zero, dots & bar
Writing System Most advanced in ancient Americas800 hieroglyphic symbols = glyphs Historical events Codex = bark-paper books (3) Popol Vuh: most famous book about Mayan creation myth
Mysterious Decline Late 800s Maya abandoned cities. Why??Fighting between city-states disrupted trade Overfarming Famine Disease overpopulation
Mayans By:Steven G. Steve B. Jalen J. Angela H.Roxana C. Abraham O.
Maya Kings and Cities Chapter 16 section 2.
Mayan Kings and Cities /7/06. Maya Create Urban Kingdoms Mayan civilization stretches from what is now southern Mexico to El Salvador Mayan cities.
1. What were the two most important trade items in Ghana? 2. Describe the importance of Mansa Musa. 3. Explain the Bantu migrations and its’ importance.
The Maya. The Mayas The great Mayan Civilization is an amazing part of world history! This presentation will provide a brief summary of; Mayan territory,
THE MAYA CIVILIZATION.
Ancient Civilizations of the Western Hemisphere
Bellwork How did the Olmec and the Zapotec influence later cultures?
Maya Civilization World Studies.
Mayan, Aztec, Inca 11a,b.
The Rise of Maya Civilization. Building a Civilization in the Rain Forest 2.1 A.
Chapter 7 - The Americas Section 2: Mesoamerica
Chapter 16: Peoples and Empires in the Americas, (pp ) Atahualpa.
Maya Civilization. Mesoamerica Mesoamerica = Mexico & Central America.
Mayan Civilization Who are these people?.
The Maya. I. Maya Create City-States Homeland: southern Mexico into northern Central America (Yucatan Pen.)
16.2 – Maya Kings & Cities. Maya Lands stretched from southern Mexico to northern Central America Lowlands (North) – rain forests & dry scrub Highlands.
Maya Kings and Cities.
Outcome: The Mayas. Environment S. Mexico Yucatan Peninsula Steamy jungles Cool mountains.
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