Presentation on theme: "Critical Introduction to Open Access Scholarly Outputs in Public Health NECOBELAC in association with Irish Institute of Public Health Dublin, 9th May."— Presentation transcript:
1Critical Introduction to Open Access Scholarly Outputs in Public Health NECOBELAC in association with Irish Institute of Public Health Dublin, 9th May 2012Bill HubbardCentre for Research CommunicationsUniversity of Nottingham
2What is Open AccessAn old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is the internet. The public good they make possible is the world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds. Removing access barriers to this literature will accelerate research, enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor and the poor with the rich, make this literature as useful as it can be, and lay the foundation for uniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge.Budapest Open Access Initiative February 14, 2002, Budapest, Hungary
3Why Open Access? Serials crisis Researcher need for access Public need for accessMoral caseAuthor’s benefitsInstitutional benefitsFinancial rationaleBecause we can!
4What is Open and what is Access? Accessible for processing?Accessible by the public?Accessible by the world?Open to read?Open to use?Open to re-use?
5What is Open Access Publications Data Grey literature Conference papersThesesArts multimediaTeaching and Learning materials. . . what else?
6What Open Access is not . . . A subversion of peer-review but academics may want to modify current modelsA replacement for publicationbut the world may want to move that wayAn invitation to plagiarismand it may actually become the norm to prevent plagiarismAn attack on copyrightbut it does throw up some anomalies which lead creators and users to question copyright in its current form
7How is Open Access achieved? Just sticking it on the web somewhereand why that’s not a good ideaRepositoriesSubject basedInstitutionally basedGovernment basedFunder basedJournalsOpen Access JournalsHybrid Journals
8Repository Open Access Author writes paperpre-printDeposit in e-print repositorySubmits to journalPaper refereedRevised by authorpost-printAuthor submits final versionpublishedversionArticle published in a journal
9Journal Open Access Author writes paper Submits to journal Paper refereedRevised by authorAuthor submits final versionArticle published in a journal
10Who wants Open Access? Authors like it Researchers like it Librarians like itInstitutions like itFunders like itResearch assessment workers like itKnowledge transfer workers like itPublic likes itPublishers are split
11Public investment compared to publishers’ service 121086money - £ thousands42time - monthsBlue box - Public investmente.g. 2 year project, £300,000£12,500 per month£300,000 over 24 months(and public access to results may be unavailable)Red box - Publisher’s investmente.g. charge of £1,800£600 per month£1,800 over about 3 months(and expenses recouped through advance payment of subscriptions)
12Where we are so far . . . Repositories Journals Funder policies 2186 worldwide, 14 Ireland UK-basedJournals7696 journals worldwide - plus hybridsFunder policiesPublications: 68, Data: 27, OA Journals: 38Institutional policies145 policies reported, plus ethesesServices and processes in place
13Where we are so far . . . NIH in the States UK - Finch Committee UK - David Willetts recent speechEuropean Commission - Neelie Kroes
14Change is coming . . .Developments in the web and ICT alone will produce substantial change and may be the major mechanism for change to current practice . . .Financial incentives are changing across Europe10 years timescale - what changes are coming down the track and what responses are needed?
16Mendeley 1,319,469 People 112,949 Groups 30,529 Institutions 129,692,213 Papers
17Change is here . . . Search for “cancer cures” in Google Cancer Options: The Surprising Power of Mother Nature!!God has been good to His children by putting hundreds of natural substances in Mother Nature which can help all cancer patients in many different ways!! Mother Nature's cancer treatments are called "natural cancer treatments" or "alternative cancer treatments."For example, the late Dr. William D. Kelley, a dentist by training, used alternative cancer treatments to treat more than 33,000 cancer patients. He used special diets, proteolytic enzymes, and other natural substances. Dr. Kelley was able to cure more than 90% of the cancer patients who went to him instead of using chemotherapy, radiation and surgery!!Compare Dr. Kelley's cure rate of 90% to the overall cure rate of less than 3% of orthodox medicine!!
18Change is here . . .OA repositories and journals offer open access, but with control, authority, transparency and commercial clarityOA repositories and journals offer a route for healthcare information to be made available to the public, journalists, healthcare professionals and researchers
19Questions? Bill Hubbard Head of Centre for Research Communications