2Document A Chart listing the Roman Emperors from 235-285 CE 22 (count co-emperors)Assassination; 13Insecure and scaredWeak, ready to be invaded, unstableViolence replaced leadership selection process, government is leaderless, no command or respect from people, unstable
3Document B450 CE, primaryBook Concerning Military Matters by historian Vegetius1982, secondarySoldiers not doing drills, didn’t wear armor, ran away from fight so they wouldn’t get hurtForced military service.Smaller military, can’t defend empire efficiently…Weak government + small army = easy target for invasion
4Document C Map of foreign invasions of the Roman Empire Foreign invasion routes and groupsAngles, Saxons, Vandals, Huns, Ostrogoths, VisigothsShows empire being taken over by various barbarian groupsNo armor, smaller armies = easily defeated and invaded
5Document D1. Roman History 2. Roman historian CE, primary 4. savage, eat roots and raw flesh, without permanent homes or laws, ungovernable, destructive 5. They are invaders of his home! 6. Rome is at the mercy of barbarian groups like the Huns
6Document E Roman ambassador 449 CE, primary Severe taxes, lawbreakers not punished if rich, pay for justice, governors ruining stateYes. He’s a Roman, has every reason to defend Rome and make it look good but he’s giving a truthful account even if negativeRoman governors were corrupt – rulers from ‘barbarian’ groups were better!
7Document FSource is The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon.secondaryEarthquake, deadly flood. Over 50,000 people died.World Civilizations: The Global Experience by Peter Sterns, Michael Adas, Stuart Schwartz, Marc Jason Gilbert2000Disease called the plague, reduced Rome’s population from 1M to 250,000Less population = smaller military, morale of empire weak after disasters