27.1.1Study the early strengths and lasting contributions of Rome (e.g., significance of Roman citizenship; rights under Roman law; Roman art, architecture, engineering, and philosophy; preservation and transmission of Christianity) and its ultimate internal weaknesses (e.g., rise of autonomous military powers within the empire, undermining of citizenship by the growth of corruption and slavery, lack of education, and distribution of news).
3Background KnowledgeAt its height, the Roman Empire was the largest empire the world had ever seen. However, it was an empire weighed down with problems.In about 509 B.C the Roman overthrew their king
4Rome’s Internal Weakness Diverse PopulationCultureLanguageLittle or no loyalty to Rome
5Expanding Citizenship Citizenship – membership in a political community that bring rights and responsibilitiesDid not solve economic problems
6Economic ProblemsCorruption – using a position of trust for dishonest gainGap between rich and poorTaxes
7Social ProblemsLatifundia - wealthy estates which were self-sufficient “mini-towns” that raised their own food and hired guards to protect themselvesPoor became tenant farmers, army or outlawsCities were longer the center of Roman life
8A Weaker Army Foreign recruits Not as loyal as earlier troops Less effective fighting force
9Threats from Outside the Empire Threats on the eastern border of the Western Empire were over whelming.
10Barbarian Invasions Huns A.D. 370 Attila Central Asia Fierce horsemen “the Scourge of God
11Barbarian Invasions Attila A.D.430 “the Scourge of God” Invaded Gaul and Italy
12Barbarian Invasions Visigoths Ostrogoths Germanic Tribes In 378, 40,000 Roman casualtiesIn 476 forced out last emperorOstrogothsGermanic Tribes
14New Germanic Kingdoms Autonomous – self-governing kingdoms Franks and BurgundiansGaulVisigothsSpainOstrogothsItalyRespects traditions of the republic 27 B.C. becomes Augustus
15New Germanic KingdomsRespects traditions of the republic 27 B.C. becomes Augustus
16New Germanic KingdomsClovis - king of the Franks who defeated the last Roman army in Gaul and the VisogothsFrankish kingdom eventually became France and BelgiumRespects traditions of the republic 27 B.C. becomes Augustus
17Why Did Rome Fall? Internal weakness Christianity Economic / Social Decline of slaveryChristianityBarbaric invasionsRespects traditions of the republic 27 B.C. becomes Augustus
18Why Did Rome Fall?“Roman civilization did not die a natural death. It was murdered.”Respects traditions of the republic 27 B.C. becomes Augustus