Presentation on theme: "The Western Empire Collapses Section 3. 7.1.1 Study the early strengths and lasting contributions of Rome (e.g., significance of Roman citizenship; rights."— Presentation transcript:
The Western Empire Collapses Section 3
7.1.1 Study the early strengths and lasting contributions of Rome (e.g., significance of Roman citizenship; rights under Roman law; Roman art, architecture, engineering, and philosophy; preservation and transmission of Christianity) and its ultimate internal weaknesses (e.g., rise of autonomous military powers within the empire, undermining of citizenship by the growth of corruption and slavery, lack of education, and distribution of news).
Background Knowledge At its height, the Roman Empire was the largest empire the world had ever seen. However, it was an empire weighed down with problems.
Rome’s Internal Weakness Diverse Population Culture Language Little or no loyalty to Rome
Expanding Citizenship Citizenship – membership in a political community that bring rights and responsibilities Did not solve economic problems
Economic Problems Corruption – using a position of trust for dishonest gain Gap between rich and poor Taxes
Social Problems Latifundia - wealthy estates which were self- sufficient “mini-towns” that raised their own food and hired guards to protect themselves Poor became tenant farmers, army or outlaws Cities were longer the center of Roman life
A Weaker Army Foreign recruits Not as loyal as earlier troops Less effective fighting force
Threats from Outside the Empire Threats on the eastern border of the Western Empire were over whelming.
Barbarian Invasions Huns A.D. 370 Central Asia Fierce horsemen Attila “the Scourge of God
Barbarian Invasions Attila A.D.430 “the Scourge of God” Invaded Gaul and Italy
Barbarian Invasions Visigoths In 378, 40,000 Roman casualties In 476 forced out last emperor Ostrogoths Germanic Tribes
New Germanic Kingdoms Autonomous – self-governing kingdoms Franks and Burgundians Gaul Visigoths Spain Ostrogoths Italy
Clovis - king of the Franks who defeated the last Roman army in Gaul and the Visogoths Frankish kingdom eventually became France and Belgium
Why Did Rome Fall? Internal weakness Economic / Social Decline of slavery Christianity Barbaric invasions
Why Did Rome Fall? “Roman civilization did not die a natural death. It was murdered.”