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The Decline of the Roman Empire. I.By 300 A.D., the Roman Empire faced many problems that would eventually result in its downfall. These problems can.

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Presentation on theme: "The Decline of the Roman Empire. I.By 300 A.D., the Roman Empire faced many problems that would eventually result in its downfall. These problems can."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Decline of the Roman Empire

2 I.By 300 A.D., the Roman Empire faced many problems that would eventually result in its downfall. These problems can be summarized in 3 main categories:

3 II.The Roman Empire Splits: Eastern and Western Roman Empire

4 A. Diocletian—284 A.D. restored order to the empire and the emperor, slowing down its decline

5 1. Diocletian believed the empire had grown to large for one ruler 2. He divided the empire into the Greek speaking East and the Latin speaking West

6 DIOCLETIAN GENERAL MAXIMAN DIOCLETIAN GENERAL MAXIMAN EASTERN ROMAN WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE EMPIRE

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8 B. After Diocletian’s death, civil war broke out

9 III.Constantine—emerges as emperor 312 A.D. A. By 324 A.D., Constantine had gained control of both east and west and restored the empire to a single ruler

10 b. Constantine moved the capital of empire from Rome to Greek city of Byzantium

11 c. Constantinople—strategically located for trade and defense between the East and West

12 d. After Constantine dies, the empire splits again. Page 161

13 VI.Germanic Invaders— Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Franks, Angles, Saxons, Burgundians, Alemanni and Vandal poured into the Roman Empire to escape the Huns

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15 1. Huns--fierce nomadic Mongol tribe from Central Asia

16 2. Attila the Hun(444 A.D.)—Attila and his army invaded the Eastern and Western Empire, plundering 70 cities

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18 3. The Huns and other tribes invaded and destroyed the Western Empire

19 V. Byzantine Empire=Eastern Empire a. Survives and flourishes b. Preserves Greek and Roman culture for 1,000 years

20 Fall of the Roman Empire ___?????___

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22 Fall of the Roman Empire 476 A.D.

23 Germanic invader, Odoacer kicked out last Western Roman Emperor Romulus Augustulus

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25 Causes for the Decline of the Roman Empire Military CausesEconomic CausesPolitical Causes Evaluate the data in the chart above. In your opinion, what do you think was the greatest cause of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire? Why? Defend your answer with facts from your notes. [10 pts.] ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________

26 Bureaucracy – government workers Mercenary – Soldiers for hire

27 Roman Empire Timeline Create a timeline labeling all of the key dates we have discussed so far in class. 2. Start with the assassination of Julius Caesar and end with the official fall of the R. Empire. 3. You must have 13 events with the appropriate date. [1 pt. each] 4. Choose 7 dates and draw a picture that accurately represents the event. [1 pt. each]

28 ●Increase in taxes to support army and bureaucracy ●______________ ______________ ●No longer receiving war booty from conquered territories ●Romans no longer cared about maintaining Empire ●Population decline caused by war and disease ●_______________________ ●Corruption in government ●People no longer supported corrupt government ●Division of the Empire into East and West ●____________ ____________ ●Little loyalty from mercenary soldiers ●Attila the Huns invade ●Germanic tribes sweep in-to Empire to escape ______

29 ●Increase in taxes to support army and bureaucracy ●______________ ______________ ●No longer receiving war booty from conquered territories ●Romans no longer cared about maintaining Empire ●Population decline caused by war and disease ●_______________________ ●Corruption in government ●People no longer supported corrupt government ●Division of the Empire into East and West ●Poorly trained armies ●Little loyalty from mercenary soldiers ●Attila the Huns invade ●Germanic tribes sweep in-to Empire to escape Huns

30 ●Increase in taxes to support army and bureaucracy ●______________ ______________ ●No longer receiving war booty from conquered territories ●Romans no longer cared about maintaining Empire ●Population decline caused by war and disease ●Upper class corruption ●Corruption in government ●People no longer supported corrupt government ●Division of the Empire into East and West ●Poorly trained armies ●Little loyalty from mercenary soldiers ●Attila the Huns invade ●Germanic tribes sweep in-to Empire to escape Huns

31 ●Increase in taxes to support army and bureaucracy ●Reliance on slave labor ●No longer receiving war booty from conquered territories ●Romans no longer cared about maintaining Empire ●Population decline caused by war and disease ●Upper class corruption ●Corruption in government ●People no longer supported corrupt government ●Division of the Empire into East and West ●Poorly trained armies ●Little loyalty from mercenary soldiers ●Attila the Huns invade ●Germanic tribes sweep into Empire to escape Huns


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