Role of government/how Constitution should be interpreted What did each party believe was the role of government and how the Constitution should be interpreted?
Federalists 1. Favored a strong federal government
Federalists 2. Believed the Constitution gave government “implied” powers 3. These implied powers are not enumerated, or listed clearly in the Constitution
Federalists 4. Federalists believed the enumerated powers imply the power to do other things
Federalists 5. They believed Congress could make all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out its enumerated powers
Republicans 1. Believed in a strict reading of the Constitution
Republicans 2. Rejected the federalist idea of implied powers
Republicans 3. They believed congressional powers were limited to what is absolutely necessary to carry out the enumerated powers
Debate made about forming a national bank How did each side debate the national bank?
Federalists Alexander Hamilton believed that because of the “necessary and proper” clause, he had the power to create a national bank
Republicans Thomas Jefferson disagreed with Hamilton, and did not believe he had the right to set up a national bank
Beliefs about how people should be involved in government According to each political party, what role did the people have in government?
Federalists 1. Supported representative government, in which elected officials ruled in the people’s name
Federalists 2. They did not believe it was wise to let the public become too involved in politics
Federalists 3. Federalists thought that educated, wealthier men should hold public office
Federalists 4. They did not trust ordinary people to make good decisions
Republicans 1. Republicans feared a strong central government controlled by only a few people
Republicans 2. They believed that democracy and liberty would be safe only if ordinary people took part fully in government
Quote about how people should be involved in government What were the quotes that were stated about the role of people in government? Who said each quote?
Federalists In Alexander Hamilton’s words. “The people are turbulent and changing; they seldom judge or determine right.”
Republicans In Thomas Jefferson’s words, “I am not among those who fear the people. They, and not the rich, are our dependence [what we depend on] for continued freedom
Wrap Up How did Federalists believe government should be run? What are “implied” powers?” How did Republicans believe government should be run? How did they feel about “Implied powers?” Which political party favored a national bank? Why did they believe they had the right to create one? Which political party feared the judgment of the people? Which side felt that government depended on the people for our continued freedom?